Predictive Control Strategy for Temperature Control for Milk Pasteurization Process
KeywordModel predictive control; Generic model control; Milk pasteurization process; Temperature control
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AbstractA milk pasteurization process is a nonlinear process and multivariable interacting system. This makes it difficultly to control by the conventional on-off controllers. Even if the on-off controller can managed the milk temperatures in the holding tube and the cooling stage of the plate pasteurizer according to the plant's requirements, the dynamic profiles of the milk temperature are oscillating around a desired value. Consequently, this work is aimed at improving the control performance by a multi-variables control approach with model predictive control (MPC). The proposed algorithm was tested in the case of set point tracking under nominal condition gathered by the real observation. To compare the performance of the MPC controller, a model-based control approach of generic model control (GMC) coupled with cascade control strategy is taken into account. The simulation results demonstrated that a proposed control algorithm performed well in keeping both the milk and water temperatures at the desired set points without any oscillation and overshoot. Because of the predictive control strategy, the control response for MPC was less drastic control action compared to the GMC.
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CitationNiamsuwan S, Kittisupakorn P and Mujtaba IM (2013) Predictive control strategy for temperature control for milk pasteurization process. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering. 32: 109-114.
Link to publisher’s versionhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63234-0
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Control strategies for exothermic batch and fed-batch processes A sub-optimal strategy is developed which combines fast response with a chosen control signal safety margin. Design procedures are described and results compared with conventional control.Henry, R.M.; Kaymaz, I. Ali (University of BradfordSchool of Control Engineering, 2010-02-08)There is a considerable scope for improving the temperature control of exothermic processes. In this thesis, a sub-optimal control strategy is developed through utilizing the dynamic, simulation tool. This scheme is built around easily obtained knowledge of the system and still retains flexibility. It can be applied to both exothermic batch and fed-batch processes. It consists of servo and regulatory modes, where a Generalized Predictive Controller (GPC) was used to provide self-tuning facilities. The methods outlined allow for limited thermal runaway whilst keeping some spare cooling capacity to ensure that operation at constraints are not violated. A special feature of the method proposed is that switching temperatures and temperature profiles can be readily found from plant trials whilst the addition rate profile Is capable of fairly straightforward computation. The work shows that It is unnecessary to demand stability for the whole of the exothermic reaction cycle, permitting a small runaway has resulted in a fast temperature response within the given safety margin. The Idea was employed for an exothermic single Irreversible reaction and also to a set of complex reactions. Both are carried out in a vessel with a heating/cooling coil. Two constraints are Imposed; (1) limited heat transfer area, and (11) a maximum allowable reaction temperature Tmax. The non-minimum phase problem can be considered as one of the difficulties in managing exothermic fed-batch process when cold reactant Is added to vessel at the maximum operating temperature. The control system coped with this within limits, a not unexpected result. In all cases, the new strategy out-performed the conventional controller and produced smoother variations in the manipulated variable. The simulation results showed that batch to batch variations and disturbances In cooling were successfully handled. GPC worked well but can be susceptible to measurement noise.