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dc.contributor.authorAlibakhshikenari, M.
dc.contributor.authorVirdee, B.S.
dc.contributor.authorAzpilicueta, L.
dc.contributor.authorNaser-Moghadasi, M.
dc.contributor.authorAkinsolu, M.O.
dc.contributor.authorSee, C.H.
dc.contributor.authorLiu, B.
dc.contributor.authorAbd-Alhameed, Raed A.
dc.contributor.authorFalcone, F.
dc.contributor.authorHuyen, I.
dc.contributor.authorDenidni, T.A.
dc.contributor.authorLimiti, E.
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-21T11:45:50Z
dc.date.available2020-10-21T11:45:50Z
dc.date.issued2020-08
dc.identifier.citationAlibakhshikenari M, Virdee BS, Azpilicueta L et al (2020) A comprehensive survey of "metamaterial transmission-line based antennas: design, challenges, and applications." IEEE Access. 8: 144778-144808.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/18129
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractIn this review paper, a comprehensive study on the concept, theory, and applications of composite right/left-handed transmission lines (CRLH-TLs) by considering their use in antenna system designs have been provided. It is shown that CRLH-TLs with negative permittivity (ε <; 0) and negative permeability (μ <; 0) have unique properties that do not occur naturally. Therefore, they are referred to as artificial structures called “metamaterials”. These artificial structures include series left-handed (LH) capacitances (C L ), shunt LH inductances (L L ), series right-handed (RH) inductances (LR), and shunt RH capacitances (CR) that are realized by slots or interdigital capacitors, stubs or via-holes, unwanted current flowing on the surface, and gap distance between the surface and ground-plane, respectively. In the most cases, it is also shown that structures based on CRLH metamaterial-TLs are superior than their conventional alternatives, since they have smaller dimensions, lower-profile, wider bandwidth, better radiation patterns, higher gain and efficiency, which make them easier and more cost-effective to manufacture and mass produce. Hence, a broad range of metamaterial-based design possibilities are introduced to highlight the improvement of the performance parameters that are rare and not often discussed in available literature. Therefore, this survey provides a wide overview of key early-stage concepts of metematerial-based designs as a thorough reference for specialist antennas and microwave circuits designers. To analyze the critical features of metamaterial theory and concept, several examples are used. Comparisons on the basis of physical size, bandwidth, materials, gain, efficiency, and radiation patterns are made for all the examples that are based on CRLH metamaterialTLs. As revealed in all the metematerial design examples, foot-print area decrement is an important issue of study that have a strong impact for the enlargement of the next generation wireless communication systems.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported in part by the Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades, Gobierno de España (MCIU/AEI/FEDER, UE) under Grant RTI2018-095499-B-C31, in part by the Innovation Programme under Grant H2020-MSCA-ITN-2016 SECRET-722424, and in part by the financial support from the U.K. Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) under Grant EP/E022936/1.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3013698en_US
dc.rights© 2020 The Authors. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.subjectMetamaterials (MTMs)en_US
dc.subjectArtificial structuresen_US
dc.subjectAntennasen_US
dc.subjectNegative permittivity (ε < 0)en_US
dc.subjectNegative permeability (μ < 0)en_US
dc.subjectHigh performancesen_US
dc.subjectComposite right/left-handed transmission lines (CRLH-TLs)en_US
dc.subjectNext generation wireless communication systemsen_US
dc.titleA comprehensive survey of "metamaterial transmission-line based antennas: design, challenges, and applications"en_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2020-07-30
dc.date.application2020-08-03
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionPublished versionen_US
refterms.dateFOA2020-10-21T11:46:22Z


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