Property processing relationship
Single screw extruder
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AbstractMethods of recycling unplasticized polyvinyl chloride (uPVC) window frame waste were investigated. The quality of untreated granular waste was compared to that of waste treated by a range of contaminant removal processes including melt filtration and dissolution. Processability of each recyclate was evaluated by using a highly instrumented single screw extruder that enabled melt viscosity and process variation to be monitored in real time. Product quality measurements such as mechanical properties and surface defects were made on extruded strip, and the nature of the stabilizers present was determined. The mechanical properties of recyclates were found to be comparable to or better than those of virgin material in all cases and conformed to industry standards for window profile. Contaminant removal stages significantly reduced the amount of large surface defects detected in extrudate. Processability was comparable to that of virgin compounds, but melt viscosity varied among different batches of recyclate, depending on the source and composition of the original PVC formulation.
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CitationKelly, A.L., Coates, P.D., Rose, R.M. and Weston, S. (2007). Recycling of uPVC window profile waste. Journal of Vinyl and Additive Technology.
Link to publisher’s versionhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/vnl.20047
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Modelling the large strain constitutive behaviour of polycarbonate under isothermal and anisothermal conditionsSweeney, John; Caton-Rose, Fin; Coates, Philip D. (2005)We have studied the tensile behaviour of polycarbonate at large strains below the glass transition temperature. Experiments have been carried out at a series of constant temperatures and also under conditions of falling temperature. The specimens neck with a natural draw ratio of ~2, and the study focuses mainly on the necked material. Isothermal experiments reveal an elastic mechanism that initiates beyond the natural draw ratio. A model consisting of an Eyring process and two Gaussian elastic mechanisms is shown to be applicable to both the isothermal and anisothermal stress relaxation and stress-strain results. The same model also produces reasonable estimates of the stresses generated during the necking process. In addition, a simple relationship between isothermal and anisothermal stress relaxation is demonstrated.