Now showing items 1-20 of 5968

  • Sliding wear performance of nickel-based cermet coatings composed of WC and Al2O3 nanosized particles 

    Farrokhzad MA and Khan TI (2016) Sliding wear performance of nickel-based cermet coatings composed of WC and Al2O3 nanosized particles. Surface and Coatings Technology. 304: 401-412.
    This paper investigates the sliding wear performance of two types of co-electrodeposited cermet coatings com- posed of nano-sized tungsten carbide (WC) and combined tungsten carbide and alumina (Al2O3) particles incor- ...
  • Effect of interlayer configurations on joint formation in TLP bonding of Ti-6Al-4V to Mg-AZ31 

    Atieh AM and Khan TI (2014) Effect of interlayer configurations on joint formation in TLP bonding of Ti-6Al-4V to Mg-AZ31. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 60, conference 1.
    In this research work, the transient liquid phase (TLP) bonding process was utilized to fabricate joints using thin (20μm) nickel and copper foils placed between two bonding surfaces to help facilitate joint formation. Two ...
  • Miniaturized Balanced Antenna with Integrated Balun for Practical LTE Applications 

    Abd-Alhameed RA, Elfergani I and Abdulssalam F (2017) Miniaturized Balanced Antenna with Integrated Balun for Practical LTE Applications. Radioengineering. Accepted for publication.
    A design of dual-band balanced antenna structure operating in the 700 and 2600MHz LTE bands is studied and investigated. The overall dimensions of the radiator are 50 × 18 × 7 mm3 allowing it to be easily concealed within ...
  • Haar Wavelet Collocation Method for Thermal Analysis of Porous Fin with Temperature-dependent Thermal Conductivity and Internal Heat Generation 

    Abd-Alhameed RA and Oguntala M (2017) Haar Wavelet Collocation Method for Thermal Analysis of Porous Fin with Temperature-dependent Thermal Conductivity and Internal Heat Generation. Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics. Accepted for publication.
    In this study, the thermal performance analysis of porous fin with temperature-dependent thermal conductivity and internal heat generation is carried out using Haar wavelet collocation method. The effects of various ...
  • Africa: cyber-security and its mutual impacts with computerisation, miniaturisation and location-based authentication 

    Adeka MI, Anoh KOO, Ngala M et al (2017) Africa: cyber-security and its mutual impacts with computerisation, miniaturisation and location-based authentication. EAI Endorsed Transactions. Accepted for publication.
    The state of insecurity occasioned by fraudulent practices in Africa has been of concern economically, both at home and abroad. In this paper, we propose ways to mitigate this problem, using Nigeria as a case study. Based ...
  • A possible alternative to morphine – inspired by spit 

    Rattray M (2017) A possible alternative to morphine – inspired by spit. The Conversation.
    No abstract
  • SHH signalling mediates astrocyte crosstalk with neurons to confer neuroprotection. 

    Ugbode CI, Smith I, Whalley BJ et al (2017) SHH signalling mediates astrocyte crosstalk with neurons to confer neuroprotection. Journal of Neurochemistry. Accepted for publication.
    Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) is a glycoprotein associated with development that is also expressed in the adult CNS and released after brain injury. Since the SHH receptors PTCH1 (patched homolog-1) and SMO (Smoothened) are highly ...
  • Rationalized Computer-Aided Design of Matrix-Metalloprotease-Selective Prodrugs 

    Jain M, Harburn JJ, Gill JH et al (2017) Rationalized Computer-Aided Design of Matrix- Metalloprotease-Selective Prodrugs. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 60(10): 4496-4502.
    Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are central to cancer development and metastasis. They are highly active in the tumor environment and absent or inactive in normal tissues; therefore they represent viable targets for cancer ...
  • Exploring and Exploiting Acceptor Preferences of the Human Polysialyltransferases as a Basis for an Inhibitor Screen 

    Ehrit J, Keys TG, Sutherland M et al (2017) Exploring and Exploiting Acceptor Preferences of the Human Polysialyltransferases as a Basis for an Inhibitor Screen. Accepted for publication.
    α2,8-Linked polysialic acid (polySia) is an oncofoetal antigen with high abundance during embryonic development. It reappears in malignant tumours of neuroendocrine origin. Two polysialyltransferases (polySTs) ST8SiaII and ...
  • Removal of phenol from wastewater using spiral-wound reverse osmosis process: model development based on experiment and simulation 

    Al-Obaidi MA, Kara-Zaïtri C and Mujtaba IM (2017) Removal of phenol from wastewater using spiral-wound reverse osmosis process: model development based on experiment and simulation. Journal of Water Process Engineering. Accepted for Publication.
    The removal of the ubiquitous phenol and phenolic compounds in industrial wastes is a critical environmental issue due to their harmful threats to wildlife and potential adverse human health effects. The removal of such ...
  • Regional trade institutions in West Africa: historical reflections 

    Bah E, Jackson K and Potts D (2017) Regional trade institutions in West Africa: historical reflections. Journal of International Development. Article in Press.
    This paper reflects on trade institutions across West Africa from the Empirehood to the present day. We found that regional trade institutions were more standardised across West Africa before the current countries gained ...
  • Promoting positive attitudes to breastfeeding: the development and evaluation of a theory-based intervention with school children involving a cluster randomised controlled trial 

    Giles M, Millar S, Armour C et al (2015) Promoting positive attitudes to breastfeeding: the development and evaluation of a theory-based intervention with school children involving a cluster randomised controlled trial. Maternal & Child Nutrition. 11(4): 656-672.
    The objective of this study was to design, implement and evaluate an intervention based on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) to enhance young peoples' motivations to breastfeed/support a partner to breastfeed. Six ...
  • Mood and cognition in healthy older European adults: the Zenith study 

    Simpson EEA, Maylor EA, McConville C et al (2014) Mood and cognition in healthy older European adults: the Zenith study. BMC Psychology. 2(11).
    Background: The study aim was to determine if state and trait intra-individual measures of everyday affect predict cognitive functioning in healthy older community dwelling European adults (n = 387), aged 55-87 years. Methods: ...
  • Nipple aspirate fluid - a liquid biopsy for diagnosing breast health 

    Shaheed S, Tait C, Kyriacou K et al (2017) Nipple aspirate fluid - a liquid biopsy for diagnosing breast health. Proteomics Clinical Applications. Accepted for Publication.
    Purpose: Nipple secretions are protein-rich and a potential source of breast cancer biomarkers for breast cancer screening. Previous studies of specific proteins have shown limited correlation with clinicopatholigical ...
  • Preclinical anti-cancer activity and multiple mechanisms of action of a cationic silver complex bearing N-heterocyclic carbene ligands 

    Allison SJ, Sadiq M, Baronou E et al (2017) Preclinical anti-cancer activity and multiple mechanisms of action of a cationic silver complex bearing N-heterocyclic carbine ligands. Cancer Letters. Article in Press.
    Organometallic complexes offer the prospect of targeting multiple pathways that are important in cancer biology. Here, the preclinical activity and mechanism(s) of action of a silver-bis(N-heterocyclic carbine) complex ...
  • Identification of compounds with cytotoxic activity from the leaf of the Nigerian medicinal plant, Anacardium occidentale L. (Anacardiaceae) 

    Taiwo BJ, Fatokun AA, Olubiyi OO et al (2017) Identification of compounds with cytotoxic activity from the leaf of the Nigerian medicinal plant, Anacardium occidentale L. (Anacardiaceae). Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry. 25(8): 2327-2335.
    Cancer is now the second-leading cause of mortality and morbidity, behind only heart disease, necessitating urgent development of (chemo)therapeutic interventions to stem the growing burden of cancer cases and cancer ...
  • Does telehealth monitoring identify exacerbations of chronic pulmonary disease and reduce hospitalisations? An analysis of systems data 

    Kargiannakis M, Fitzsimmons DA, Bentley CL et al (2017) Does telehealth monitoring identify exacerbations of chronic pulmonary disease and reduce hospitalisations? An analysis of systems data. JMIR Medical Informatics. 5(1).
    Background: The increasing prevalence and associated cost of treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is unsustainable. Health care organizations are focusing on ways to support self-management and prevent ...
  • Spatially localised membrane systems 

    Csuhaj-Varju E, Gheorghe M, Stannett M et al (2015) Spatially localised membrane systems. Fundamenta Informaticae. 138(1-2): 193-205.
    In this paper we investigate the use of general topological spaces in connection with a generalised variant of membrane systems. We provide an approach which produces a fine grain description of local operations occurring ...
  • Conventional verification for unconventional computing: a genetic XOR gate example 

    Konur S, Gheorghe M, Dragomir C et al (2014) Conventional verification for unconventional computing: a genetic XOR gate example. Fundamenta Informaticae. 134(1-2): 97-110.
    As unconventional computation matures and non-standard programming frameworks are demonstrated, the need for formal verification will become more prevalent. This is so because “programming” in unconventional substrates ...
  • Agarose Spot as a Comparative Method for in situ Analysis of Simultaneous Chemotactic Responses to Multiple Chemokines 

    Ahmed M, Basheer HA, Ayuso JM, Ahmet D, Mazzini M, Patel R, Shnyder SD, Vinader V and Afarinkia K (2017) Agarose Spot as a Comparative Method for in situ Analysis of Simultaneous Chemotactic Responses to Multiple Chemokines. Scientific Reports. 7: 1075.
    We describe a novel protocol to quantitatively and simultaneously compare the chemotactic responses of cells towards different chemokines. In this protocol, droplets of agarose gel containing different chemokines are applied ...