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dc.contributor.authorSaid, Said Alforjani R.*
dc.contributor.authorEmtir, M.*
dc.contributor.authorMujtaba, Iqbal M.*
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-07T14:38:05Z
dc.date.available2016-10-07T14:38:05Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.citationSaid SA, Emtir M and Mujtaba IM (2013) Flexible design and operation of multi-stage flash (MSF) desalination process subject to variable fouling and variable freshwater demand. Processes. 1 (3): 279-295.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/9720
dc.descriptionyes
dc.description.abstractThis work describes how the design and operation parameters of the Multi-Stage Flash (MSF) desalination process are optimised when the process is subject to variation in seawater temperature, fouling and freshwater demand throughout the day. A simple polynomial based dynamic seawater temperature and variable freshwater demand correlations are developed based on actual data which are incorporated in the MSF mathematical model using gPROMS models builder 3.0.3. In addition, a fouling model based on stage temperature is considered. The fouling and the effect of noncondensable gases are incorporated into the calculation of overall heat transfer co-efficient for condensers. Finally, an optimisation problem is developed where the total daily operating cost of the MSF process is minimised by optimising the design (no of stages) and the operating (seawater rejected flowrate and brine recycle flowrate) parameters.en
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3390/pr1030279
dc.rights© 2013 MDPI AG. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
dc.subjectFreshwater demand; Storage tank; Dynamic Optimisation; Total operating cost; Multi-Stage Flash (MSF) desalination process; Variable demanden
dc.titleFlexible Design and Operation of Multi-Stage Flash (MSF) Desalination Process Subject to Variable Fouling and Variable Freshwater Demand
dc.status.refereedyes
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.type.versionpublished version
refterms.dateFOA2018-07-25T13:07:12Z


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