Energy-Efficient Distributed Relay and Power Control in Cognitive Radio Cooperative Communications
|Luo, C., Min, G., Yu, F. R., Chen, M. and Yang, L. T. (2013) Energy-efficient distributed relay and power control in cognitive radio cooperative communications. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 31 (11): 2442-2452.
|In cognitive radio cooperative communication (CR-CC) systems, the achievable data rate can be improved by increasing the transmission power. However, the increase in power consumption may cause the interference with primary users and reduce the network lifetime. Most previous work on CR-CC did not take into account the tradeoff between the achievable data rate and network lifetime. To fill this gap, this paper proposes an energy-efficient joint relay selection and power allocation scheme in which the state of a relay is characterized by the channel condition of all related links and its residual energy. The CR-CC system is formulated as a multi-armed restless bandit problem where the optimal policy is decided in a distributed way. The solution to the restless bandit formulation is obtained through a first-order relaxation method and a primal-dual priority-index heuristic, which can reduce dramatically the on-line computation and implementation complexity. According to the obtained index, each relay can determine whether to provide relaying or not and also can control the corresponding transmission power. Extensive simulation experiments are conducted to investigate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme. The results demonstrate that the power consumption is reduced significantly and the network lifetime is increased more than 40%.
|Cognitive radio; Cooperative communications; Relay and power management; Network lifetime; Networks; Selection; Channels; Systems; Model
|Energy-Efficient Distributed Relay and Power Control in Cognitive Radio Cooperative Communications
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