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dc.contributor.authorGuest, J.F.
dc.contributor.authorAyoub, N.
dc.contributor.authorMcIlwraith, T.
dc.contributor.authorUchegbu, I.
dc.contributor.authorGerrish, A.
dc.contributor.authorWeidlich, D.
dc.contributor.authorVowden, Kath
dc.contributor.authorVowden, Peter
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-21T16:52:35Z
dc.date.available2016-09-21T16:52:35Z
dc.date.issued2015-12-07
dc.identifier.citationGuest JF, Ayoub N, McIlwraith T et al (2015) Health economic burden that wounds impose on the National Health Service in the UK. BMJ Open. 5(12): e009283.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/9286
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of wounds managed by the UK's National Health Service (NHS) in 2012/2013 and the annual levels of healthcare resource use attributable to their management and corresponding costs. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort analysis of the records of patients in The Health Improvement Network (THIN) Database. Records of 1000 adult patients who had a wound in 2012/2013 (cases) were randomly selected and matched with 1000 patients with no history of a wound (controls). Patients' characteristics, wound-related health outcomes and all healthcare resource use were quantified and the total NHS cost of patient management was estimated at 2013/2014 prices. RESULTS: Patients' mean age was 69.0 years and 45% were male. 76% of patients presented with a new wound in the study year and 61% of wounds healed during the study year. Nutritional deficiency (OR 0.53; p<0.001) and diabetes (OR 0.65; p<0.001) were independent risk factors for non-healing. There were an estimated 2.2 million wounds managed by the NHS in 2012/2013. Annual levels of resource use attributable to managing these wounds and associated comorbidities included 18.6 million practice nurse visits, 10.9 million community nurse visits, 7.7 million GP visits and 3.4 million hospital outpatient visits. The annual NHS cost of managing these wounds and associated comorbidities was pound5.3 billion. This was reduced to between pound5.1 and pound4.5 billion after adjusting for comorbidities. CONCLUSIONS: Real world evidence highlights wound management is predominantly a nurse-led discipline. Approximately 30% of wounds lacked a differential diagnosis, indicative of practical difficulties experienced by non-specialist clinicians. Wounds impose a substantial health economic burden on the UK's NHS, comparable to that of managing obesity ( pound5.0 billion). Clinical and economic benefits could accrue from improved systems of care and an increased awareness of the impact that wounds impose on patients and the NHS.
dc.description.uriYes
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009283
dc.rights(c) 2015 The Authors. This is an Open Access article distributed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/)
dc.subjectHealth economics
dc.subject; Wound management
dc.subjectWound care; NHS; UK; Wound management; National Health Service; Costs
dc.titleHealth economic burden that wounds impose on the National Health Service in the UK
dc.status.refereedYes
dc.date.Accepted2015-10-20
dc.typeArticle
dc.type.versionPublished version
refterms.dateFOA2018-07-25T14:09:53Z


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