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dc.contributor.authorAbeykoon, Chamil*
dc.contributor.authorKelly, Adrian L.*
dc.contributor.authorVera-Sorroche, Javier*
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Elaine C.*
dc.contributor.authorCoates, Philip D.*
dc.contributor.authorDeng, J.*
dc.contributor.authorLi, K.*
dc.contributor.authorHarkin-Jones, E.*
dc.contributor.authorPrice, M.*
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-05T10:15:49Z
dc.date.available2016-09-05T10:15:49Z
dc.date.issued2014-12-15
dc.identifier.citationAbeykoon C, Kelly AL, Vera-Sorroche J et al (2014) Process efficiency in polymer extrusion: Correlation between the energy demand and melt thermal stability. Applied Energy. 135: 560-571.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/8903
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractThermal stability is of major importance in polymer extrusion, where product quality is dependent upon the level of melt homogeneity achieved by the extruder screw. Extrusion is an energy intensive process and optimisation of process energy usage while maintaining melt stability is necessary in order to produce good quality product at low unit cost. Optimisation of process energy usage is timely as world energy prices have increased rapidly over the last few years. In the first part of this study, a general discussion was made on the efficiency of an extruder. Then, an attempt was made to explore correlations between melt thermal stability and energy demand in polymer extrusion under different process settings and screw geometries. A commodity grade of polystyrene was extruded using a highly instrumented single screw extruder, equipped with energy consumption and melt temperature field measurement. Moreover, the melt viscosity of the experimental material was observed by using an off-line rheometer. Results showed that specific energy demand of the extruder (i.e. energy for processing of unit mass of polymer) decreased with increasing throughput whilst fluctuation in energy demand also reduced. However, the relationship between melt temperature and extruder throughput was found to be complex, with temperature varying with radial position across the melt flow. Moreover, the melt thermal stability deteriorated as throughput was increased, meaning that a greater efficiency was achieved at the detriment of melt consistency. Extruder screw design also had a significant effect on the relationship between energy consumption and melt consistency. Overall, the relationship between the process energy demand and thermal stability seemed to be negatively correlated and also it was shown to be highly complex in nature. Moreover, the level of process understanding achieved here can help to inform selection of equipment and setting of operating conditions to optimise both energy and thermal efficiencies in parallel.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was funded through an inter-disciplinary research programme (Grant No. EP/G059330/1) by the EPSRC-UK. The technical assistance provided by Ken Howell, Roy Dixon and John Wyborn is greatly appreciated.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.08.086en_US
dc.rights© 2014 The Authors. This is an Open Access article licensed under the Creative Commons CC-BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).en_US
dc.subjectPolymer extrusion; Process monitoring; Melt viscosity; Energy demand; Thermal stability; Energy efficiencen_US
dc.titleProcess efficiency in polymer extrusion: Correlation between the energy demand and melt thermal stabilityen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2014-08-25
dc.date.application2014-09-25
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionpublished version paperen_US
refterms.dateFOA2018-07-25T13:48:55Z


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