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dc.contributor.authorYouseffi, Mansour*
dc.contributor.authorMitchell, Stephen C.*
dc.contributor.authorWronski, Andrew S.*
dc.contributor.authorCias, A.*
dc.date.accessioned2008-11-05T15:05:50Z
dc.date.available2008-11-05T15:05:50Z
dc.date.issued2000
dc.identifier.citationYouseffi, M., Mitchell, S.C., Wronski, A.S. and Cias, A. (2000). Sintering microstructure and mechanical properties of PM manganese-molybdenum steels. Powder Metallurgy. Vol. 43, No. 3, pp. 353-358.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/872
dc.descriptionYesen
dc.description.abstractThe effects of 0·5 wt-%Mo addition on the processing, microstructure, and strength of PM Fe¿3·5Mn¿0·7C steel are described. Water atomised and sponge irons, Astaloy 1·5Mo, milled ferromanganese, and graphite were the starting powders. During sintering in 75H2 /25N2 or pure hydrogen the dewpoint was controlled and monitored; in particular the effects of improving it from -35 to -60°C were investigated. Faster heating rates (20 K min-1), sufficient gas flowrates, milling the ferro alloy under nitrogen, a low dewpoint (<-60°C), and a getter powder can all contribute to the reduction or prevention of oxidation of the manganese, in particular formation of oxide networks in the sintered steels. For 600 MPa compaction pressure densities up to 7·1 g cm-3 were obtained; these were not significantly affected by sintering at temperatures up to 1180°C. The sintered microstructures were sensitively dependent on the cooling rate. Irrespective of the presence of Mo, slow furnace cooling at 4 K min-1 resulted in mainly pearlitic structures with some ferrite and coarse bainite, whereas fast cooling at 40 K min-1 produced martensite and some retained austenite, very fine pearlite, bainite, and some ferrite. Young's modulus, determined by tensile and ultrasonic tests, was in the range 110¿155 GPa. Sintering with -60°C dewpoint resulted in tensile and transverse rupture strengths of420 and 860 MPa for the Mn steel, rising to 530 and1130 MPa as a result of the Mo addition. This contrasts with strength decreases observed when processing included use of high oxygen containing ferromanganese and sintering with -35°C dewpoint.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttp://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/maney/pm/2000/00000043/00000004/art00004en
dc.rights© 2000 Maney and IoM Communications Ltd. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.en
dc.subjectPM Manganese-Molybdenum Steelsen
dc.subjectMechanical Propertiesen
dc.subjectSinteringen
dc.titleSintering microstructure and mechanical properties of PM manganese-molybdenum steelsen
dc.status.refereedYesen
dc.typeArticleen
refterms.dateFOA2018-07-17T21:56:29Z


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