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dc.contributor.authorPu, Jaan H.*
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-09T15:18:44Z
dc.date.available2016-05-09T15:18:44Z
dc.date.issued2016-02
dc.identifier.citationPu JH (2016) Conceptual Hydrodynamic-Thermal Mapping Modelling for Coral Reefs at South Singapore Sea. Applied Ocean Research. 55: 59-65.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/8323
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractCoral reefs are important ecosystems that not only provide shelter and breeding ground for many marine species, but can also control of carbon dioxide level in ocean and act as coastal protection mechanism. Reduction of coral reefs at Singapore coastal waters (SCW) region remains as an important study to identify the environmental impact from its busy industrial activities especially at the surrounding of Jurong Island in the south. This kind of study at SCW was often being related to issues such as turbidity, sedimentation, pollutant transport (from industry activities) effects in literatures, but seldom investigated from the thermal change aspect. In this paper, a computational model was constructed using the Delft3D hydrodynamic module to produce wave simulations on sea regions surrounding Singapore Island. The complicated semi-diurnal and diurnal tidal wave events experienced by SCW were simulated for 2 weeks duration and compared to the Admiralty measured data. To simulate the thermal mapping at the south Singapore coastal waters (SSCW) region, we first adapted a conversion of industrial to thermal discharge; then from the discharge affected area a thermal map was further computed to compare with the measured coral map. The outcomes show that the proposed novel thermal modelling approach has quite precisely simulated the coral map at SSCW, with the condition that the near-field thermal sources are considered (with the coverage area in the limit of 20 km × 20 km).en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe author also acknowledges the support of Nazarbayev University’s (Kazakhstan) research seed grant no. KF-12/6 for purchasing and providing the Delft3D software used in this study (which the author is the principal investigator of the grant)en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rights© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's selfarchiving policy. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)en_US
dc.subjectCoral reefs; Hydrodynamics; Singapore coastal waters (SCW); Thermal mapen_US
dc.titleConceptual hydrodynamic-thermal mapping modelling for coral reefs at south Singapore seaen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2015-11-30
dc.date.application2015-12-22
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionAccepted Manuscripten_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.apor.2015.11.011
refterms.dateFOA2018-07-25T14:53:03Z


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