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dc.contributor.authorBatt, Catherine M.*
dc.contributor.authorSchmid, M.M.E.*
dc.contributor.authorVésteinsson, O.*
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-14T09:24:19Z
dc.date.available2016-04-14T09:24:19Z
dc.date.issued2015-10
dc.identifier.citationBatt CM, Schmid MME and Vésteinsson O (2015) Constructing chronologies in Viking Age Iceland: Increasing dating resolution using Bayesian approaches. Journal of Archaeological Science, 62: 161–174.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/8126
dc.descriptionyesen_US
dc.description.abstractPrecise chronologies underpin all aspects of archaeological interpretation and, in addition to improvements in scientific dating methods themselves, one of the most exciting recent developments has been the use of Bayesian statistical analysis to reinterpret existing information. Such approaches allow the integration of scientific dates, stratigraphy and typological data to provide chronologies with improved precision. Settlement period sites in Iceland offer excellent opportunities to explore this approach, as many benefit from dated tephra layers and AMS radiocarbon dates. Whilst tephrochronology is widely used and can provide excellent chronological control, this method has limitations; the time span between tephra layers can be large and they are not always present. In order to investigate the improved precision available by integrating the scientific dates with the associated archaeological stratigraphy within a Bayesian framework, this research reanalyses the dating evidence from three recent large scale excavations of key Viking Age and medieval sites in Iceland; Aðalstræti, Hofstaðir and Sveigakot. The approach provides improved chronological precision for the dating of significant events within these sites, allowing a more nuanced understanding of occupation and abandonment. It also demonstrates the potential of incorporating dated typologies into chronological models and the use of models to propose sequences of activities where stratigraphic relationships are missing. Such outcomes have considerable potential in interpreting the archaeology of Iceland and can be applied more widely to sites with similar chronological constraints.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipBritish Academy (MD120020) awarded to C. Batt. Rannís PhD funding for M.Schmid.
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2015.07.002en_US
dc.rights© 2015 Elsevier. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en_US
dc.subjectIceland; Viking Age; Chronology; Radiocarbon dating; Bayesian statistics; Tephra; Aðalstræti; Hofstaðir; Sveigakoten_US
dc.titleConstructing chronologies in Viking Age Iceland: Increasing dating resolution using Bayesian approachesen_US
dc.status.refereedyesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2015-07-14
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionAccepted Manuscripten_US
dc.description.publicnotesThe full text was made available at the end of the publisher's embargo.
refterms.dateFOA2018-07-25T14:52:15Z


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