Cbx4 regulates the proliferation of thymic epithelial cells and thymus function.
|dc.contributor.author||Mardaryev, Andrei N.||*|
|dc.contributor.author||Botchkarev, Vladimir A.||*|
|dc.identifier.citation||Liu B, Liu YF, Du YR, Mardaryev AN, Yang W, Chen H, Xu ZM, Xu CQ, Zhang XR, Botchkarev VA, Zhang Y and Xu GL (2013) Cbx4 regulates the proliferation of thymic epithelial cells and thymus function. Development. 140 (4): 780-8.||en_US|
|dc.description.abstract||Thymic epithelial cells (TECs) are the main component of the thymic stroma, which supports T-cell proliferation and repertoire selection. Here, we demonstrate that Cbx4, a Polycomb protein that is highly expressed in the thymic epithelium, has an essential and non-redundant role in thymic organogenesis. Targeted disruption of Cbx4 causes severe hypoplasia of the fetal thymus as a result of reduced thymocyte proliferation. Cell-specific deletion of Cbx4 shows that the compromised thymopoiesis is rooted in a defective epithelial compartment. Cbx4-deficient TECs exhibit impaired proliferative capacity, and the limited thymic epithelial architecture quickly deteriorates in postnatal mutant mice, leading to an almost complete blockade of T-cell development shortly after birth and markedly reduced peripheral T-cell populations in adult mice. Furthermore, we show that Cbx4 physically interacts and functionally correlates with p63, which is a transcriptional regulator that is proposed to be important for the maintenance of the stemness of epithelial progenitors. Together, these data establish Cbx4 as a crucial regulator for the generation and maintenance of the thymic epithelium and, hence, for thymocyte development.||en_US|
|dc.subject||Thymic epithelial cell; Cbx4; Thymic hypoplasia; T-lymphopoiesis; p63 (Trp63); Polycomb; Epithelial progenitor||en_US|
|dc.title||Cbx4 regulates the proliferation of thymic epithelial cells and thymus function.||en_US|
|dc.type.version||No full-text available in the repository||en_US|