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dc.contributor.authorMurtagh, E.M.*
dc.contributor.authorNichols, L.*
dc.contributor.authorMohammed, Mohammed A.*
dc.contributor.authorHolder, R.L.*
dc.contributor.authorNevill, A.M.*
dc.contributor.authorMurphy, M.H.*
dc.date.accessioned2015-01-28T17:39:36Z
dc.date.available2015-01-28T17:39:36Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citationMurtagha EM, Nichols L, Mohammed MA et al (2015) The effect of walking on risk factors for cardiovascular disease: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised control trials. Preventive Medicine. 72: 34–43.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/7077
dc.descriptionnoen_US
dc.description.abstractObjective To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised control trials that examined the effect of walking on risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Methods Four electronic databases and reference lists were searched (Jan 1971–June 2012). Two authors identified randomised control trials of interventions ≥ 4 weeks in duration that included at least one group with walking as the only treatment and a no-exercise comparator group. Participants were inactive at baseline. Pooled results were reported as weighted mean treatment effects and 95% confidence intervals using a random effects model. Results 32 articles reported the effects of walking interventions on cardiovascular disease risk factors. Walking increased aerobic capacity (3.04 mL/kg/min, 95% CI 2.48 to 3.60) and reduced systolic (− 3.58 mm Hg, 95% CI − 5.19 to − 1.97) and diastolic (− 1.54 mm Hg, 95% CI − 2.83 to − 0.26) blood pressure, waist circumference (− 1.51 cm, 95% CI − 2.34 to − 0.68), weight (− 1.37 kg, 95% CI − 1.75 to − 1.00), percentage body fat (− 1.22%, 95% CI − 1.70 to − 0.73) and body mass index (− 0.53 kg/m2, 95% CI − 0.72 to − 0.35) but failed to alter blood lipids. Conclusions Walking interventions improve many risk factors for cardiovascular disease. This underscores the central role of walking in physical activity for health promotion.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.12.041en_US
dc.subjectWalking; Exercise; Health; Cardiovascular risken_US
dc.titleThe effect of walking on risk factors for cardiovascular disease: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised control trialsen_US
dc.status.refereedyesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionNo full-text available in the repositoryen_US


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