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dc.contributor.authorFerretti, F.
dc.contributor.authorMcIntosh, Bryan
dc.contributor.authorJones, S.
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-19T16:04:44Z
dc.date.available2014-11-19T16:04:44Z
dc.date.issued2015-05-30
dc.identifier.citationFerretti F, McIntosh B and Jones S (2015) Economic Growth and the Harmful Effects of Student Loan Debt on Biomedical Research. Economic Modelling. 49: 308-313.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/6633
dc.description.abstractModern theories of economic growth emphasize the role of research and development (R&D) activities in determining a society's standard of living. In some advanced economies, however, higher education costs and the level of indebtedness among graduates have increased dramatically during recent years. Student loans are evident throughout the Western world, particularly in the United States, and within the bio-medical sciences. In this paper the authors develop a basic model of economic growth in order to investi-gate the effects of biomedical graduates indebtedness on the allocation of human re-source in the R&D activities, and thus on the process of economic growth. Using this modified model to understand the consequences of the rising cost in biomedical educa-tion, we derive a 'science-growth curve' (a relation between the share of pure researcher and the economy rate of growth), and we find two possible effects of biomedical stu-dent indebtedness on economic growth: specifically, a composition effect and a productivity effect. First, we outline the Romer's classical growth model, and we apply it to a 'biomedical' knowledge-based economy, and second, the model is developed by factoring the difference between pure and applied biomedical research. The 'biomedical science sector' is one of the key pillars of modern knowledge-based economy. The costs of higher education in biomedical sciences and the graduates level of indebtedness represent, not only a great problem of equality of opportunity, but also a serious threat to future prosperity of the advanced economies.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2015.05.004en_US
dc.rights© 2015 Elsevier. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.en_US
dc.subjectBiomedical researchers; Economic growth; Higher education cost; Student loan debt; Equality of opportunityen_US
dc.titleEconomic Growth and the Harmful Effects of Student Loan Debt on Biomedical Researchen_US
dc.status.refereedyesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2015-05-10
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionAccepted Manuscripten_US
refterms.dateFOA2018-07-19T13:54:30Z


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