Recent Submissions

  • Defect recognition in concrete ultrasonic detection based on wavelet packet transform and stochastic configuration networks

    Zhao, J.; Hu, T.; Zheng, R.; Ba, P.; Mei, C.; Zhang, Qichun (2021-01)
    Aiming to detect concrete defects, we propose a new identification method based on stochastic configuration networks. The presented model has been trained by time-domain and frequency-domain features which are extracted from filtering and decomposing ultrasonic detection signals. This method was applied to ultrasonic detection data collected from 5 mm, 7 mm, and 9 mm penetrating holes in C30 class concrete. In particular, wavelet packet transform (WPT) was then used to decompose the detected signals, thus the information in different frequency bands can be obtained. Based on the data from the fundamental frequency nodes of the detection signals, we calculated the means, standard deviations, kurtosis coefficients, skewness coefficients and energy ratios to characterize the detection signals. We also analyzed their typical statistical features to assess the complexity of identifying these signals. Finally, we used the stochastic configuration networks (SCNs) algorithm to embed four-fold cross-validation for constructing the recognition model. Based upon the experimental results, the performance of the presented model has been validated and compared with the genetic algorithm based BP neural network model, where the comparison shows that the SCNs algorithm has superior generalization abilities, better fitting abilities, and higher recognition accuracy for recognizing defect signals. In addition, the test and analysis results show that the proposed method is feasible and effective in detecting concrete hole defects.
  • Enhancing poly(lactic acid) microcellular foams by formation of distinctive crystalline structures

    Li, R.; Ye, L.; Zhao, X.; Coates, Philip D.; Caton-Rose, Philip D. (2020-04)
    By controlling the crystallization behavior of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) in the presence of a hydrazide nucleating agent (HNA), PLA-HNA foams with enhanced microcellular structures were prepared via supercritical CO2 foaming. It was found that HNA can self-assemble into fibrillar networks, inducing the crystallization of PLA on their surface, and "shish-kebab"crystalline structures with high crystallinity formed, which can be maintained during the whole foaming process. Incorporation of HNA promoted the formation of gt conformers, improved the amount of dissolved CO2, hindered the escape of CO2, and increased the viscoelasticity of PLA. Compared with neat PLA foam, for PLA-HNA foam, the average cell diameter decreased obviously, from 64.39 to 6.59 μm, while the cell density increased up to nearly three orders of magnitudes, from 6.82 × 106 to 4.44 × 109 cells/cm3. Moreover, lots of fibrillar structures appeared and entangled with each other on the cell wall of the foam. By forming such dense micropores and enhanced fibrillar structures, PLA foam was highly reinforced with significantly improved compressive strength.
  • Compression-induced electrical percolation and enhanced mechanical properties of polydimethylsiloxane-based nanocomposites

    Wu, D.; Li, Z.; Du, Y.; Zhang, L.; Huang, Y.; Sun, J.; Coates, Philip D.; Gao, X. (2020-08)
    In this work, a compression-induced percolation threshold was found when the thickness of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) nanocomposite samples was reduced via a spatial confining forced network assembly (SCFNA) process from 1.0 mm to 0.1 mm. Such as for PDMS/2 wt% short carbon fiber/4 wt% carbon nanotube (CNT) composite, its conductivity was more than 8 times enhanced to 487 S/m from 59.5 S/m, and the mechanical properties of composites have been improved by more than 15% accordingly. Comparatively, when increased the concentration of CNT or Gr from 1 to 4 wt%, the electrical conductivity of PDMS nanocomposites at 1 mm thickness was barely changed as it generally reached saturation and became independent of filler loading. Compared with the traditional blending method, it indicates that the SCFNA process can further promote the maximum electrical conductivity of polymer nanocomposites when the filler concentration has little effect on the conductivity. Especially under the condition of relatively high filler concentration, the electrical conductivity enhancement effect becomes more significant that is contrary to the classical percolation theory. Moreover, the mechanical properties of the nanocomposites can be slightly improved by the mechanical compression, which makes it more suitable for flexible electronic devices' applications.
  • Long-chain branched poly(lactic acid)- b-poly(lactide- co-caprolactone): Structure, viscoelastic behavior, and triple-shape memory effect as smart bone fixation material

    Liu, Y.; Cao, H.; Ye, L.; Coates, Philip D.; Caton-Rose, Philip D.; Zhao, X. (2020-03-11)
    A novel fully biosbased poly(lactic acid)-b-poly(lactide-co-caprolactone) (PLA-b-PLCL) with a two-phase structure and long-chain branches was specifically designed and prepared through reactive melt processing. The results showed that PLCL segments were introduced onto PLA chains successfully. With the increase of PLCL content, the blockier distribution of LA/CL chain sequences of the sample was exhibited. PLA-b-PLCL showed two distinct thermal transitions, corresponding to the glass transition of PLA and PLCL domains, respectively, whereas the phase morphology changed from a sea-island to a co-continuous structure with increasing PLCL content. Because of the long-chain branched structure, PLA-b-PLCL samples showed a much higher viscoelasticity, strong molecular entanglement, and obvious strain-hardening behavior, resulting in a high draw ratio of the sample during orientation process, whereas the tensile strength and the modulus of the oriented sample reached up to 173 MPa and 5.4 GPa, respectively, which basically met the requirements of bone screws. Moreover, PLA-b-PLCL showed a triple-shape memory effect at 55 and 120 °C, respectively. For PLA-b-30 wt % PLCL, the recovery ratio can reach up to 98.1% under 55 °C, while high mechanical properties can be maintained, realizing self-reinforcement and self-fastening effect simultaneously as a smart bone fixation material.
  • Advantage of preserving bi-orientation structure of isotactic polypropylene through die drawing

    Lyu, D.; Sun, Y.Y.; Lai, Y.Q.; Thompson, Glen P.; Caton-Rose, Philip D.; Coates, Philip D.; Lu, Y.; Men, Y.F. (2021-01)
    The isotactic polypropylene (iPP) usually shows a unique parent-daughter lamellae structure in which the parent and daughter lamellae are against each other with a near perpendicular angle (80° or 100°). Inducing a high fraction of oriented cross-hatched structure in iPP during processing is desirable for designing the bi-oriented iPP products. We processed a commercial iPP via tensile-stretching and die-drawing to evaluate the structural evolution of oriented parent-daughter lamellae. It turned out that the die-drawing process had an advantage in attaining a high fraction of oriented cross-hatched structure of iPP, as compared to the free tensile stretching. Besides, the presence of α-nucleating agents affected the formation of oriented parent-daughter lamellae in the die-drawn samples whereas such influence diminished in the free stretched ones. It was found that the confined deformation inside the die led to the well-preserved oriented cross-hatched structure in the die-drawn iPP.
  • Suppressed cavitation in die-drawn isotactic polypropylene

    Lyu, D.; Sun, Y.; Lu, Y.; Liu, L.; Chen, R.; Thompson, Glen P.; Caton-Rose, Philip D.; Coates, Philip D.; Wang, Y.; Men, Y. (2020-06)
    Cavitation is an important phenomenon in solid-phase deformation of polymers, which either has potential adverse effects on physical properties or creates potential opportunities for new properties. In either case, it needs to be better understood to help achieve better control of cavitation and its effects. Cavitation associated with solid-phase deformation in a β-nucleated isotactic polypropylene was found to depend on the solid-phase deformation route employed. Compared with samples obtained by free tensile stretching, cavitation was suppressed in samples deformed via die-drawing, although an almost identical β-to α-phase transition was observed for both deformation routes. Even when die-drawn samples were subsequently deformed to large strains by free stretching, there was still no comparable cavitation compared with the single free tensile-stretching route. The die-drawing process appears to suppress cavitation by fundamentally diminishing the number of growable nuclei of cavities, rather than merely hindering the growth of cavities. A relationship between cavitation intensity and the fractions of lamellae along specific directions has been established. During subsequent free stretching of die-drawn samples, newly created cavities were suggested to be initiated within the crystalline layers. The reduction of the cavity nuclei in the die-drawing process originated from the stabilization of the connections between the crystalline blocks within the lamellae.
  • Experimental analysis of the tensile property of FFF-printed elastomers

    Lin, X.; Coates, Philip D.; Hebda, Michael; Wang, R.; Lu, Y.; Zhang, L. (2020-10)
    Designing and manufacturing functional parts with enhanced mechanical property is a major goal of fused filament fabrication (FFF) for polymeric elastomers, which exhibits major advantages in producing such parts with a range of structures. But the unsatisfactory mechanical performance constrains greatly its real application and there is yet no consensus in the mechanical characterization of printed samples. This work takes the nozzle height as the considered factor and tests the tensile property of FFF-printed thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU). Rheological property of the TPU melt, represented here by die swell behavior and shear viscosity, were measured initially to obtain a preliminary assessment of the material suitability and an optimization of melt extrusion conditions for FFF processing. Then correlation between the cross-section profile of deposited bead and the tensile performance of printed sample were evaluated. Both the shape of deposited bead and the bonding strength of two adjacent beads are emphasized when explaining the measured tensile strength. The significance of molecular permeation efficiency at bead-bead interfaces, and bonding-releasing patterns between adjacent beads to the tensile failure of printed objects is discussed.
  • Solid-State Competitive Destabilization of Caffeine Malonic Acid cocrystal: Mechanistic and Kinetic Investigation

    Alsirawan, M.B.; Lai, X.; Prohens, R.; Vangala, Venu R.; Pagire, S.K.; Petroc, S.; Bannan, T.J.; Topping, D.O.; Paradkar, Anant R. (American Chemical Society, 2020-12-02)
    The main objective of this research is to investigate solid-state destabilization mechanism and kinetics of the model cocrystal caffeine : malonic acid (CA:MO) in presence of oxalic acid (OX) as a structural competitor. Competitive destabilization of CA:MO and subsequent formation of CA:OX takes place at temperatures significantly below its melting point. Destabilization mechanism was found to be mediated by sublimation of both CA:MO and OX. During CA:MO destabilization, free CA could not be detected and direct transformation to CA:OX cocrystal was observed. The destabilization kinetics follow Prout-Tompkins nucleation and crystal growth model with activation energy of 133.91 kJ/mol and subsequent CA:OX growth kinetic follow Ginstling – Brounshtien diffusion model with activation energy of kJ/mol.
  • Analysis of Chiral and Achiral Medium Based Coplanar Waveguide Using Improved Full Generalized Exponential Matrix Technique

    Sayad, D.; Zebiri, C.; Elfergani, Issa T.; Rodriguez, Jonathan; Abd-Alhameed, Raed A.; Benabdelaziz, F. (RadioEngineering, 2020-12)
    In this work, an analytical study of the electromagnetic propagation in a complex medium-based suspended three-layer coplanar waveguide (CPW) is carried out. The study aims at a numerical calculation of the dominant hybrid mode complex propagation constant in the CPW printed on a bianisotropic substrate. The herein considered bianisotropy is characterized by full 3×3 tensors of permittivity, permeability and magnetoelectric parameters. The study is based on the numerical derivation of the Green's functions of such a complex medium in the spectral domain. The study is carried out using the Full Generalized Exponential Matrix Technique based on matrix- shaped compact mathematical formulations. The Spectral Method of Moments (SMoM) and the Galerkin's procedure are used to solve the resulting homogeneous system of equations. The effect of the chiral and achiral bianisotropy on the complex propagation constant is particularly investigated. Goo d agreements with available data for an anisotropic-medium-based suspended CPW structure are achieved. Various cases of chiral and achiral bianisotropy have been investigated, and particularly, the effect on the dispersion characteristics is presented and compared with cases of isotropic and bianisotropic Tellegen media.
  • Test item for repository

    Nieminen, Satu (2021-01-01)
  • Understanding metal concentration and speciation in motorway runoff

    Zakharova, J.; Pouran, H.; Bridgeman, John; Wheatley, A.; Arif, M. (Taylor & Francis Group, 2021)
    Although highway runoff has historically been extensively studied, the increasing complexity of stormwater management means that there are still significant gaps regarding the reduction of soluble metals. The work reported in this paper addresses these challenges by analysing the presence and behaviour of iron, copper and zinc in runoff from junction 24 of the M1 motorway in the UK (peak traffic flow: 30,000 vehicles per hour) and comparing it with other urban sources of metals found in the same catchment (a local brook and sewage treatment works). The sampling site included an interceptor and a treatment lagoon and the event monitoring indicated a trend by which the metals did not change their concentration or particulate soluble proportion immediately, hence showing that pre- and post-storm conditions are important factors when analysing the solubility of metals and their behaviour. The data provided further evidence of the important influence of storm characteristics on metal concentrations in highway runoff, in particular the effects of an antecedent dry weather period (ADWP). In addition, this study also helped us to better understand how the release of sodium the application of de-icer for road maintenance in winter affects the availability of zinc.
  • Characterisation and Performance of three Kenaf coagulation products under different operating conditions

    Okoro, B.U.; Sharifi, S.; Jesson, M.; Bridgeman, John; Moruzzi, R. (Elsevier, 2021-01-01)
    The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6.1, established by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015, targets universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all by 2030. An essential factor in achieving this goal is the harnessing of “green” coagulants – naturally occurring, environmentally friendly materials which are effective coagulants for use in water treatment, with good availability in developing countries, inherent renewable properties and ease of biodegradation. In order to gain from these benefits, it is essential to fully understand how such coagulants may best be utilised, particularly concerning their practical application in developing countries. In this study, three different plant-based coagulation products (PCPs), namely Hexane (HxKP), saline (StKP) and crude (CrKP) extracts of Kenaf plant seed (Hibiscus cannabinus, a species of the Hibiscus plant), were applied to high (HTW), medium (MTW) and low (LTW) turbidity water in order to determine their performance and coagulation ability. The ability of the three Kenaf coagulant products (KCPs) to remove hydrophobic fractions of natural organic matter (NOM) was measured. The impact of KCPs on the treated water organic matter content (a known disinfection by-product (DBP) precursor) was examined using known surrogates of natural organic matter (NOM) i.e. the dissolved organic carbon (DOC), ultraviolet absorbance at 254 (UV254) and specific ultraviolet absorbance (SUVA254). Results obtained quantify the implications of using these coagulants during the water disinfection process. A parametric study, measuring the effect of different operating parameters, such as untreated water turbidity, pH, dosages, retention time, and KCP storage time, was completed. Turbidity removal performance for HxKP and StKP was very good with > 90% removal recorded for HTW and MTW, respectively, at pH seven within 2 hours retention time. Images obtained from scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis revealed a high likelihood of the coagulation mechanism of KCPs to be adsorption-interparticle bridging brought about by their flake-like structures and surfaces charges. Varying pH had no measurable influence on the coagulation performance of the KCPs. Comparing their efficiency with Moringa Oleifera (MO, a previously researched PCP) and alum showed that HxKP had a negligibly different particle removal as MO. StKP turbidity removal performance was below HxKP by 1% for HTW and LTW and 2% for MTW but performed higher than the CrKP by 5% and 7% in HTW and MTW, respectively. The optimum dosage of HxKP and StKP reduced DBP surrogate values, indicating that its precursor is also minimized, although a slight shift from this optimum dosage showed a significant rise in their concentration thus signifying a potential increase in DBPs during disinfection.
  • AOA localization for vehicle-tracking systems using a dual-band sensor array

    Al-Sadoon, Mohammed A.G.; Asif, Rameez; Al-Yasir, Yasir I.A.; Abd-Alhameed, Raed A.; Excell, Peter S. (2020-08)
    The issue of asset tracking in dense environments where the performance of the global positioning system (GPS) becomes unavailable or unreliable is addressed. The proposed solution uses a low-profile array of antenna elements (sensors) mounted on a finite conducting ground. A compact-size sensor array of six electrically small dual-band omnidirectional spiral antenna elements was designed as a front end of a tracker to operate in the 402 and 837 MHz spectrum bands. For the lower band, a three-element superposition method is applied to support estimation of the angle of arrival (AOA), whereas all six sensors are employed for the higher band. A low complexity and accurate AOA determination algorithm is proposed, the projection vector (PV), and this is combined with the array mentioned. Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is integrated with the PV technique to increase the estimation resolution. The system was found to be suitable for installation on the roof of vehicles to localize the position of assets. The proposed system was tested for the tracking of nonstationary sources, and then two scenarios were investigated using propagation modeling software: outdoor to outdoor and outdoor to indoor. The results confirm that the proposed tracking system works efficiently with a single snapshot.
  • Tranquillity mapping in New Zealand national parks - a pilot study

    Watts, Gregory R.; Pearse, J.; Delikostidis, I.; Kissick, J.; Donohue, B.; Dalley, J. (De Gruyter, 2020-12)
    The tranquillity in national parks worldwide is currently under threat from intrusion of anthropogenic noise of a growing tourism industry and activity related to park management. This was addressed by creating informative tranquillity maps, where perceived tranquillity can be considered a key indicator of soundscape quality in natural areas. Tranquillity of an area can be assessed using TRAPT (Tranquillity Rating Prediction Tool), that has been developed and refined for assessing urban green spaces, national parks and wilderness areas in the United Kingdom. The subjective response to helicopter noise levels of a sample group of 35 people representing the general New Zealand population was obtained, based on visual and audio stimuli that were collected in Aoraki/Mt Cook National Park. These results were used to produce a revised TRAPT equation. It was discovered that levels under 32 dBA correspond to an excellent level of tranquillity. This thresholdwas used to produce a noise level exposure calculation for two national parks using noise prediction model AEDT (Aviation Environmental Development Tool). Contours representing tranquillity duration were then calculated and plotted, to serve as a planning tool for use by the Department of Conservation. A similar approach could be used for other national parks worldwide
  • Singular Integral Formulations for Electrodynamic Analysis of Metamaterial-Inspired Antenna Array

    Alibakhshikenari, M; Virdee, B.S.; Aissa, S.; See, C.H.; Althuwayb, A.A.; Abd-Alhameed, Raed A.; Huynen, I.; Falcone, F.; Limiti, E. (2021)
    In this paper, a set of singular integral formulations are derived to calculate the surface impedance matrix on the antenna array elements. The proposed mathematical model enables electrodynamic analysis of antenna arrays designed using metamaterial-inspired structures. The formulations allow the determination of the array’s impedance, spatial and polarization characteristics at significantly low computational cost compared to conventional electromagnetic solvers based on method-of-moments (MoM) numerical technique. The accuracy of the surface impedance results obtained from the theoretical formulations are verified using the full wave EM software. It is shown that there is excellent agreement between the proposed formulations and EM software. The accuracy of the theoretical model presented is valid for single layer structures.
  • Enhanced concrete crack closure with hybrid shape memory polymer tendons

    Balzano, B.; Sweeney, John; Thompson, Glen P.; Tuinea-Bobe, Cristina-Luminita; Jefferson, A. (2021-01)
    The paper presents a new healing system that uses pre-tensioned hybrid tendons to close cracks in cementitious structural elements. The tendons comprise an inner core, formed from aramid fibre ropes, and an outer sleeve made from a shape memory PET. During the manufacturing process, the inner core of a tendon is put into tension and the outer sleeve into compression, such that the tendon is in equilibrium. A set of tendons are then cast in a cementitious structural element and heat activated once cracking occurs. This triggers the shrinkage potential of the PET sleeve, which in turn releases the stored strain energy in the inner core. The tensile force thereby released applies a compressive force to the cementitious element, in which the tendons are embedded, that acts to close any cracks that have formed perpendicular to the axis of the tendons. Details of the component materials used to form the tendon are given along with the tendon manufacturing process. A set of experiments are then reported that explore the performance of three different tendon configurations in prismatic mortar beams. The results from these experiments show that the tendons can completely close 0.3 mm cracks in the mortar beams and act as effective reinforcement both before and after activation. A nonlinear hinge-based numerical model is also described, which is shown to be able to reproduce the experimental behaviour with reasonable accuracy. The model is used to help interpret the results of the experiments and, in particular, to explore the effects of slip at the tendon anchorages and the amount of prestress force that remains after activation. It is shown that, with two of the tendon configurations tested, over 75% of the prestress potential of the tendon remains after crack closure.
  • Near-trapping effect of wave-cylinders interaction on pore water pressure and liquefaction around a cylinder array

    Lin, Z.; Pokrajac, D.; Guo, Yakun; Liao, C.; Tang, T. (2020-12-15)
    The near-trapping effects on wave-induced dynamic seabed response and liquefaction close to a multi-cylinder foundation in storm wave conditions are examined. Momentary liquefaction near multi-cylinder structures is simulated using an integrated wave-structure-seabed interaction model. The proposed model is firstly validated for the case of interaction of wave and a four-cylinder structure, with a good agreement with available experimental measurements. The validated model is then applied to investigate the seabed response around a four-cylinder structure at 0° and 45° incident angles. The comparison of liquefaction potential around individual cylinders in an array shows that downstream cylinder is well protected from liquefaction by upstream cylinders. For a range of incident wave parameters, the comparison with the results for a single pile shows the amplification of pressure within the seabed induced by progressive wave. This phenomenon is similar to the near-trapping phenomenon of free surface elevation within a cylinder array.
  • Prediction of Penetration Rate for PDC Bits Using Indices of Rock Drillability, Cuttings Removal, and Bit Wear

    Mazen, Ahmed Z.; Rahmanian, Nejat; Mujtaba, Iqbal M.; Hassanpour, A. (2020-11)
    Predicting rate of penetration (ROP) has gained considerable interest in the drilling industry because it is the most-effective way to improve the efficiency of drilling and reduce the operating costs. One way to enhance the drilling performance is to optimize the drilling parameters using real-time data. The optimization of the drilling parameters stands on the fact that drilling parameters are interrelated; that is, corrections in one factor affect all the others, positively or negatively. Analysis of the available models in the literature showed that they did not take into account all factors, and therefore, they might underestimate the ROP. To improve the accuracy of predicting the bit efficiency, a new ROP model is developed to preplan and lower the drilling costs. This approach introduces three parts of the process that were developed to describe the challenge of predicting ROP: aggressiveness or drillability, hole cleaning, and cutters wear, which are interrelated to each other. The approach discusses each process individually, and then the influence of all three factors on ROP is assessed. Taking into account the drilling parameters and formation properties, ROP1 is estimated by use a new equation. Then, lifting the produced cutting to the surface and evaluating how that affects the bit performance is proposed in the second part of the process (hole cleaning). Finally, wear index is introduced in the third part (wear condition) to predict the reduction of ROP2 caused by cutter/rock friction. The approach serves and could be considered as a baseline to identify all factors that can affect the bit performance. The developed model equations are applied to estimate ROP in three vertical oil wells with different bit sizes and lithology descriptions in Libya. The results indicate that the driven model provides an effective tool to predict the bit performance. The results are found in good agreement with the actual ROP values and achieve an enhancement of approximately 40% as compared to the previous models.
  • A material model for multiaxial stretching and stress relaxation of polypropylene under process conditions

    Sweeney, John; O'Connor, C.P.J.; Spencer, P.E.; Pua, H.; Caton-Rose, Philip D.; Martin, P.J. (2012-11)
    Polypropylene sheets have been stretched at 160 °C to a state of large biaxial strain of extension ratio 3, and the stresses then allowed to relax at constant strain. The state of strain is reached via a path consisting of two sequential planar extensions, the second perpendicular to the first, under plane stress conditions with zero stress acting normal to the sheet. This strain path is highly relevant to solid phase deformation processes such as stretch blow moulding and thermoforming, and also reveals fundamental aspects of the flow rule required in the constitutive behaviour of the material. The rate of decay of stress is rapid, and such as to be highly significant in the modelling of processes that include stages of constant strain. A constitutive equation is developed that includes Eyring processes to model both the stress relaxation and strain rate dependence of the stress. The axial and transverse stresses observed during loading show that the use of a conventional Levy-Mises flow rule is ineffective, and instead a flow rule is used that takes account of the anisotropic state of the material via a power law function of the principal extension ratios. Finally the constitutive model is demonstrated to give quantitatively useful representation of the stresses both in loading and in stress relaxation.
  • Designing composite structures for reuse

    Lam, Dennis; Yang, Jie; Dai, Xianghe; Sheehan, Therese; Zhou, Kan (2018)
    Steel is a highly versatile and 100% recyclable material but is also carbon and energy intensive in production. Steel framed structures are inherently adaptable and potentially demountable. Reuse instead of the common practice of recycling steel by melting, makes good environmental sense, saving both on resources and carbon emissions. Reuse is commercially and technically viable, as demonstrated by isolated projects. Although steel reuse has been identified as an effective method to reduce the carbon and energy impact of construction, it is in effect only marginally used in practice. We found that although there is a sufficient spread between the price of steel scrap and new steel, this difference cannot be captured by the demolition contractors. In steel multi-storey high-rise building structures, composite construction is the most efficient and economic forms of construction. Composite beams incorporate composite floors with profiled steel sheeting are the most common structural system used in multi-storey high-rise buildings and is seen as one of the most important ways of expanding the use of steel buildings in Europe, i.e. increasing market share. However, in terms of reuse, current composite construction systems require extensive cutting on-site during the demolition process making reuse not viable. This paper presents an innovative composite system that is designed for deconstruction and reuse, its structural behaviour and failure modes were observed and analysed through a series of experimental studies and numerical simulation. The results showed that the structural behaviour of this new form of composite system not only allows for deconstruction and reuse, it has a similar structural performance to the traditional composite system with welded shear connectors.

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