Behaviour of continuous concrete slabs reinforced with FRP bars. Experimental and computational investigations on the use of basalt and carbon fibre reinforced polymer bars in continuous concrete slabs.
AuthorMahroug, Mohamed E.M.
SupervisorAshour, Ashraf F.
Carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) bars
Basalt fibre reinforced polymer (BFRP) bars
Reinforced concrete slabs
The University of Bradford theses are licenced under a Creative Commons Licence.
InstitutionUniversity of Bradford
DepartmentSchool of Engineering, Design and Technology (EDT)
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractAn investigation on the application of basalt fibre reinforced polymer (BFRP) and carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) bars as longitudinal reinforcement for simple and continuous concrete slabs is presented. Eight continuously and four simply concrete slabs were constructed and tested to failure. Two continuously supported steel reinforced concrete slabs were also tested for comparison purposes. The slabs were classified into two groups according to the type of FRP bars. All slabs tested were 500 mm in width and 150 mm in depth. The simply supported slabs had a span of 2000 mm, whereas the continuous slabs had two equal spans, each of 2000 mm. Different combinations of under and over FRP (BFRP/CFRP) reinforcement at the top and bottom layers of slabs were investigated. The continuously supported BFRP and CFRP reinforced concrete slabs exhibited larger deflections and wider cracks than the counterpart reinforced with steel. The experimental results showed that increasing the bottom mid-span FRP reinforcement of continuous slabs is more effective than the top over middle support FRP reinforcement in improving the load capacity and reducing mid-span deflections. Design guidelines have been validated against experimental results of FRP reinforced concrete slabs tested. ISIS¿M03¿07 and CSA S806-06 equations reasonably predicted the deflections of the slabs tested. However, ACI 440¿1R-06 underestimated the deflections, overestimated the moment capacities at mid-span and over support sections, and reasonably predicted the load capacity of the continuous slabs tested. On the analytical side, a numerical technique consisting of sectional and longitudinal analyses has been developed to predict the moment¿curvature relationship, moment capacity and load-deflection of FRP reinforced concrete members. The numerical technique has been validated against the experimental test results obtained from the current research and those reported in the literature. A parametric study using the numerical technique developed has also been conducted to examine the influence of FRP reinforcement ratio, concrete compressive strength and type of reinforcement on the performance of continuous FRP reinforced concrete slabs. Increasing the concrete compressive strength decreased the curvature of the reinforced section with FRP bars. Moreover, in the simple and continuous FRP reinforced concrete slabs, increasing the FRP reinforcement at the bottom layer fairly reduced and controlled deflections.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Sagging and hogging strengthening of continuous reinforced concrete beams using CFRP sheets.El-Refaie, S.A.; Ashour, Ashraf F.; Garrity, S.W. (2003-07)This paper reports the testing of 11 reinforced concrete (RC) two-span beams strengthened in flexure with externally bonded carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) sheets. The beams were classified into two groups according to the arrangement of the internal steel reinforcement. Each group included one unstrengthened control beam. The main parameters studied were the position, length, and number of CFRP layers. External strengthening using CFRP sheets was found to increase the beam load capacity. All strengthened beams exhibited less ductility compared with the unstrengthened control beams, however, and showed undesirable sudden failure modes. There was an optimum number of CFRP layers beyond which there was no further enhancement in the beam capacity. Extending the CFRP sheet length to cover the entire hogging or sagging zones did not prevent peeling failure of the CFRP sheets, which was the dominant failure mode of beams tested.
Flexural behavior of hybrid FRP/steel reinforced concrete beamsKara, Ilker F.; Ashour, Ashraf F.; Köroğlu, Mehmet A. (2015-10-01)This paper presents a numerical method for estimating the curvature, deflection and moment capacity of hybrid FRP/steel reinforced concrete beams. A sectional analysis is first carried out to predict the moment-curvature relationship from which beam deflection and moment capacity are then calculated. Based on the amount of FRP bars, different failure modes were identified, namely tensile rupture of FRP bars and concrete crushing before or after yielding of steel reinforcement. Comparisons between theoretical and experimental results of tests conducted elsewhere show that the proposed numerical technique can accurately predict moment capacity, curvature and deflection of hybrid FRP/steel reinforced concrete beams. The numerical results also indicated that beam ductility and stiffness are improved when steel reinforcement is added to FRP reinforced concrete beams. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved,
Deflection of concrete structures reinforced with FRP bars.Kara, Ilker F.; Ashour, Ashraf F.; Dundar, C. (2013-01)This paper presents an analytical procedure based on the stiffness matrix method for deflection prediction of concrete structures reinforced with fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) bars. The variation of flexural stiffness of cracked FRP reinforced concrete members has been evaluated using various available models for the effective moment of inertia. A reduced shear stiffness model was also employed to account for the variation of shear stiffness in cracked regions. Comparisons between results obtained from the proposed analytical procedure and experiments of simply and continuously supported FRP reinforced concrete beams show good agreement. Bottom FRP reinforcement at midspan section has a significant effect on the reduction of FRP reinforced concrete beam deflections. The shear deformation effect was found to be more influential in continuous FRP reinforced concrete beams than simply supported beams. The proposed analytical procedure forms the basis for the analysis of concrete frames reinforced with FRP concrete members.