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dc.contributor.authorHawcroft, G.*
dc.contributor.authorLoadman, Paul M.*
dc.contributor.authorBelluzzi, A.*
dc.contributor.authorHull, M.A.*
dc.date.accessioned2014-04-28T10:41:17Z
dc.date.available2014-04-28T10:41:17Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.citationHawcroft, G., Loadman Paul M., Belluzzi, Andrea., Hull, Mark A. (2010) Effect of eicosapentaenoic acid on E-type prostaglandin synthesis and EP4 receptor signalling in human colorectal cancer cells. Neoplasia, 12 (8), 618-627.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/6009
dc.description.abstractThe ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), in the free fatty acid (FFA) form, has been demonstrated,to reduce adenoma number and size in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. However, the mechanistic basis of the antineoplastic activity of EPA in the colorectum remains unclear. We tested the hypothesis that EPAFFA negatively modulates synthesis of and signaling by prostaglandin (PG) E2 in human colorectal cancer (CRC) cells.,EPA-FFA induced apoptosis of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-positive human HCA-7 CRC cells in vitro. EPA-FFA in cell,culture medium was incorporated rapidly into phospholipid membranes of HCA-7 human CRC cells and acted as,a substrate for COX-2, leading to reduced synthesis of PGE2 and generation of PGE3. Alone, PGE3 bound and activated,the PGE2 EP4 receptor but with reduced affinity and efficacy compared with its "natural" ligand PGE2. However,,in the presence of PGE2, PGE3 acted as an antagonist of EP4 receptor-dependent 3',5' cyclic adenosine,monophosphate induction in naturally EP4 receptor-positive LoVo human CRC cells and of resistance to apoptosis,in HT-29-EP4 human CRC cells overexpressing the EP4 receptor. We conclude that EPA-FFA drives a COX-2dependent "PGE2-to-PGE3 switch" in human CRC cells and that PGE3 acts as a partial agonist at the PGE2 EP4 receptor.
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1593/neo.10388
dc.subjectREF 2014; Eicosapentaenoic acid; Prostaglandin; Colorectal cancer; Familial adenomatous polyposis
dc.titleEffect of eicosapentaenoic acid on E-type prostaglandin synthesis and EP4 receptor signalling in human colorectal cancer cells
dc.typeArticle


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