Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorCraig, O.E.*
dc.contributor.authorSaul, H.*
dc.contributor.authorLucquin, A.J.A.*
dc.contributor.authorNishida, Y.*
dc.contributor.authorTache, K.*
dc.contributor.authorClarke, Leon J.*
dc.contributor.authorThompson, A.*
dc.contributor.authorAltoft, D.T.*
dc.contributor.authorUchiyama, J.*
dc.contributor.authorAjimoto, M.*
dc.contributor.authorGibbs, K.*
dc.contributor.authorIsaksson, S.*
dc.contributor.authorHeron, Carl P.*
dc.contributor.authorJordan, P.*
dc.date.accessioned2014-04-25T14:53:53Z
dc.date.available2014-04-25T14:53:53Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.citationCraig OE, Saul H, Lucquin A et al (2013) Earliest evidence for the use of pottery. Nature. 496(7445): 351-354.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/5947
dc.descriptionNo
dc.description.abstractPottery was a hunter-gatherer innovation that first emerged in East Asia between 20,000 and 12,000 calibrated years before present (cal bp), towards the end of the Late Pleistocene epoch, a period of time when humans were adjusting to changing climates and new environments. Ceramic container technologies were one of a range of late glacial adaptations that were pivotal to structuring subsequent cultural trajectories in different regions of the world, but the reasons for their emergence and widespread uptake are poorly understood. The first ceramic containers must have provided prehistoric hunter-gatherers with attractive new strategies for processing and consuming foodstuffs, but virtually nothing is known of how early pots were used. Here we report the chemical analysis of food residues associated with Late Pleistocene pottery, focusing on one of the best-studied prehistoric ceramic sequences in the world, the Japanese Jomon. We demonstrate that lipids can be recovered reliably from charred surface deposits adhering to pottery dating from about 15,000 to 11,800 cal bp (the Incipient Jomon period), the oldest pottery so far investigated, and that in most cases these organic compounds are unequivocally derived from processing freshwater and marine organisms. Stable isotope data support the lipid evidence and suggest that most of the 101 charred deposits analysed, from across the major islands of Japan, were derived from high-trophic-level aquatic food. Productive aquatic ecotones were heavily exploited by late glacial foragers, perhaps providing an initial impetus for investment in ceramic container technology, and paving the way for further intensification of pottery use by hunter-gatherers in the early Holocene epoch. Now that we have shown that it is possible to analyse organic residues from some of the world's earliest ceramic vessels, the subsequent development of this critical technology can be clarified through further widespread testing of hunter-gatherer pottery from later periods.
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature12109
dc.subjectAnimals
dc.subject; Aquatic organisms
dc.subject; Archaeology
dc.subject; Ceramics
dc.subject; Cooking
dc.subject; Dietary fats
dc.subject; Gas chromatography; Mass spectrometry
dc.subject; Greenland
dc.subject; History
dc.subject; Japan
dc.subject; Lipids
dc.subject; Oxygen isotopes
dc.subject; Seafood
dc.subject; REF 2014
dc.titleEarliest evidence for the use of pottery
dc.status.refereedYes
dc.typeArticle
dc.type.versionNo full-text in the repository


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record