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dc.contributor.authorBrettell, Rhea C.*
dc.contributor.authorEvans, J.*
dc.contributor.authorMarzinzik, S.*
dc.contributor.authorLamb, A.*
dc.contributor.authorMontgomery, Janet*
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-20T17:53:40Z
dc.date.available2014-03-20T17:53:40Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.citationBrettell, R., Evans, J., Marzinzik, S., Lamb, A. and Montgomery, J. (2012). 'Impious easterners': can oxygen and strontium isotopes serve as indicators of provenance in early medieval European cemetery populations? European Journal of Archaeology. Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 117-145.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/5860
dc.descriptionNo
dc.description.abstractConsiderable debate persists concerning the origins of those involved in the adventus Saxonum: the arrival of Germanic peoples in Britain during the fifth century AD. This question was investigated using oxygen and strontium isotope ratios obtained from archaeological dental samples from individuals in the ¿Migration Period¿ cemetery, Ringlemere, Kent (n = 7) and three continental European sites (n = 17). Results demonstrated that strontium alone is unable to distinguish between individuals from south-eastern England and north-western Europe. Although 87Sr/86Sr values from Ringlemere fell within local biosphere parameters and suggest a spatially and temporally related group, ¿18O values were inconsistent with origins in eastern England or on the North German plain. Results from the European sites negate past climate change as an explanation. It is possible that culturally mediated behaviour has obscured geographical relationships. Further work to characterize water sources and human ¿18O values in the putative European homelands is required.
dc.description.sponsorshipNERC
dc.language.isoen
dc.subjectMigration
dc.subjectEarly medieval
dc.subjectEnamel
dc.subjectStrontium
dc.subjectOxygen
dc.subjectIsotopes
dc.subjectCultural mediation
dc.subjectRinglemere
dc.subjectKent
dc.subjectCemetary remains
dc.subjectGermanic peoples
dc.subjectFifth century Britain
dc.subjectAdventus Saxonum
dc.subjectEuropean cemetery populations
dc.title'Impious easterners': can oxygen and strontium isotopes serve as indicators of provenance in early medieval European cemetery populations?
dc.status.refereedYes
dc.typeArticle
dc.type.versionNo full-text in the repository
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1179/1461957112Y.0000000001
dc.openaccess.statusclosedAccess


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