Browsing Theses by Subject "Xylariaceous fungi"
Now showing items 1-1 of 1
Secondary metabolites from Xylariaceous fungi. The isolation and structure elucidation of secondary metabolites from Xylariaceous fungi by chemical and spectroscopic methods.This thesis describes the isolation and structure elucidation of secondary metabolites formed in static culture from a number of endophytic Xylariaceous fungi. Four Xylaria endophytes isolated from a palm tree in Thailand were surface cultured on an aqueous malt extract-glucose medium. They all produced cytochalasin D, coriloxin, (S)-mellein and (3R,4R)-4-hydroxymellein as the main secondary metabolites suggesting that the four endophytes could be the same species. The endophytic fungus A116 produced cytochalasin D as the main secondary metabolite. Another non-endophytic fungus B315, produced cytochalasin D, (R)-mellein, a mixture of two isomers of 4-hydroxymellein and phloroglucinol. X.62, an endophytic fungus, produced 19,20-epoxycytochalasin C from the mycelium as the main secondary metabolite. The fungus Engleromyces sinensis produced engleromycin acetate as the main secondary metabolite. Fungus X. polymorpha produced (3E)-4-(3¿-acetyl-2¿,6¿-dihydroxy-5¿-methylphenyl)-2-methoxybut-3-enoic acid.