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dc.contributor.authorZhang, D.*
dc.contributor.authorYe, J.*
dc.contributor.authorLam, Dennis*
dc.date.accessioned2014-02-28T16:07:23Z
dc.date.available2014-02-28T16:07:23Z
dc.date.issued2006
dc.identifier.citationZhang, D.; Ye, J. and Lam, D. (2006). Ply cracking and stiffness degradation in cross-ply laminates under biaxial extension, bending and thermal loading. Composite Structures. Vol. 75, pp. 121-131.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/5794
dc.description.abstractTransverse ply cracking often leads to the loss of stiffness and reduction in thermal expansion coefficients. This paper presents the thermoelastic degradation of general cross-ply laminates, containing transverse ply cracks, subjected to biaxial extension, bending and thermal loading. The stress and displacement fields are calculated by using the state space equation method [Zhang D, Ye JQ, Sheng HY. Free-edge and ply cracking effect in cross-ply laminated composites under uniform extension and thermal loading. Compos Struct [in press].]. By this approach, a laminated plate may be composed of an arbitrary number of orthotropic layers, each of which may have different material properties and thickness. The method takes into account all independent material constants and guarantees continuous fields of all interlaminar stresses across interfaces between material layers. After introducing the concept of the effective thermoelastic properties of a laminate, the degradations of axial elastic moduli, Poisson¿s ratios, thermal expansion coefficients and flexural moduli are predicted and compared with numerical results from other methods or available test results. It is found that the theory provides good predictions of the stiffness degradation in both symmetric and antisymmetric cross-ply laminates. The predictions of stiffness reduction in nonsymmetric cross-ply laminates can be used as benchmark test for other methods.en_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2006.04.048en_US
dc.subjectLaminateen_US
dc.subjectCracksen_US
dc.subjectProperty degradationen_US
dc.subjectState spaceen_US
dc.subjectInterlaminar stressen_US
dc.subjectThermal loadingen_US
dc.subjectPly crackingen_US
dc.subjectCross-ply laminatesen_US
dc.titlePly cracking and stiffness degradation in cross-ply laminates under biaxial extension, bending and thermal loading.en_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionpublished version paperen_US


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