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dc.contributor.advisorLee-Thorp, Julia A.
dc.contributor.advisorJones, Andrew
dc.contributor.advisorHeron, Carl P.
dc.contributor.authorRuss, Hannah*
dc.date.accessioned2013-05-02T15:40:42Z
dc.date.available2013-05-02T15:40:42Z
dc.date.issued2013-05-02
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/5528
dc.description.abstractIn many cases in the past fish bones recovered during archaeological excavations at Upper Palaeolithic sites were often assumed to result from human activity without any consideration for alternate accumulation processes. Many of these assemblages had not been analysed in a scientifically rigorous manner, with some receiving no consideration at all. A review of current evidence and results of new analyses indicate that salmonids (salmon and trout) are the most frequently recorded fish at the European Palaeolithic cave sites. Two potential accumulation agents for fish remains were explored: brown bears (Ursus arctos) and eagle owls (Bubo bubo). Controlled feeding experiments integrated with ecological studies indicate that salmonid remains survive the digestive systems of both species and result in distinctive patterning in assemblage characteristics. Post-depositional taphonomic processes, such as trampling, also produce distinct taphonomic signatures and are an agent of differential inter-species preservation. A thorough consideration of depositional and post-depositional processes of archaeological assemblages in central Italy (Grotta di Pozzo, Maritza, La Punta and Ortucchio) and Spain (El Juyo, Altamira, Salitre, Castillo and Rascaño) shows that the fish remains from these sites result from human activity. The overrepresentation of cranial elements at the Italian sites suggest that fish were processed by removing the head to perhaps smoke or dry before transportation to other locations for consumption. This research lead to improved methods of analysis, and thus enhanced understanding of the role of fishing and fish consumption in Upper Palaeolithic hunter-gatherer societies.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rights<a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/"><img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0" src="http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-nd/3.0/88x31.png" /></a><br />The University of Bradford theses are licenced under a <a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/">Creative Commons Licence</a>.eng
dc.subjectFishen_US
dc.subject; Palaeolithicen_US
dc.subject; Caveen_US
dc.subject; Italyen_US
dc.subject; Spainen_US
dc.subject; Hunter-gathereren_US
dc.subject; Taphonomyen_US
dc.subject; Salmonen_US
dc.subject; Trouten_US
dc.titleA taphonomic approach to reconstructing Upper Palaeolithic hunter-gatherer fishing strategies. A load of old trout!en_US
dc.type.qualificationleveldoctoralen_US
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Bradfordeng
dc.publisher.departmentDivision of Archaeological, Geographical and Environmental Sciencesen_US
dc.typeThesiseng
dc.type.qualificationnamePhDen_US
dc.date.awarded2010
refterms.dateFOA2018-07-19T11:48:53Z


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