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dc.contributor.advisorSeaward, Mark R.D.
dc.contributor.authorLimbert, Martin
dc.date.accessioned2012-07-02T16:43:08Z
dc.date.available2012-07-02T16:43:08Z
dc.date.issued2012-07-02
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/5454
dc.description.abstractIn its industrial heyday, Thorne Moors was the most extensive commercial peat operation in Britain. It became closely tied to nearby Hatfield Moors, and at both the methods of exploitation were essentially the same. Although much of Thorne Moors is situated in Yorkshire, the eastern extent lies in Lincolnshire. Recognizable differences in scale and methodology existed between the Yorkshire and Lincolnshire parts. After regional drainage in the 1620-30s, there was increased trade in the peat of Thorne Moors along the River Don. A succession of uses included unrefined and refined fuel, products from carbonization and distillation, and moss litter for working horses. From the mid-19th century, companies were formed to exploit the new uses, especially moss litter, and export became increasingly focused on railways. In 1896, the British Moss Litter Co. Ltd was set up (restructured 1899) to assume the Thorne/Hatfield interests of several smaller companies, including the Anglo-Dutch Griendtsveen Moss Litter Co. Ltd. The British Moss Litter Co. was acquired by Fisons Ltd in 1963. Following a contextual history, descriptions are given of both muscle-powered peat winning and transportation methodologies. These comprise exploitation in the 17th and 18th centuries, an examination of the 19th century writings of William Casson, and written allusions spanning 1863-1963. Information is imparted on the Griendtsveen Moss Litter Co. In addition to creating a 'Dutch' peat canal system, this company introduced an immigrant Dutch workforce, proficient in their native methods and intended inter alia to retrain local workers looking for employment with Griendtsveen. Dutch methodology persisted alongside the local methods for c.60 years. Accounts are also presented of the evolutionary limit of indigenous peat winning, and the use of narrow gauge railways. Finally the transition to mechanisation of peat cutting and narrow gauge haulage is outlined.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rights<a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/"><img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0" src="http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-nd/3.0/88x31.png" /></a><br />The University of Bradford theses are licenced under a <a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/">Creative Commons Licence</a>.eng
dc.subjectGooleen_US
dc.subject; Crowleen_US
dc.subject; Isle of Axholmeen_US
dc.subject; Peatlandsen_US
dc.subject; Wetlandsen_US
dc.subject; Peat winningen_US
dc.subject; Peat cuttingen_US
dc.subject; Peat extractionen_US
dc.subject; Dutch immigrationen_US
dc.subject; British moss litter companiesen_US
dc.subject; Thorne and Hatfield Moorsen_US
dc.subject; Narrow gauge haulageen_US
dc.titlePeat exploitation on Thorne Moors. A case-study from the Yorkshire-Lincolnshire border 1626-1963, with integrated notes on Hatfield Moorsen_US
dc.type.qualificationleveldoctoralen_US
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Bradfordeng
dc.publisher.departmentDivision of Archaeological, Geographical and Environmental Sciencesen_US
dc.typeThesiseng
dc.type.qualificationnameMPhilen_US
dc.date.awarded2011
refterms.dateFOA2018-07-19T09:51:53Z


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PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS.pdf
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ABSTRACT.pdf
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INTRODUCTION.pdf
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CONTENTS.pdf
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CROWLE MOOR.pdf
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DESCRIPTIONS.pdf
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HISTORY.pdf
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DUTCH.pdf
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TRANSPORTATION.pdf
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