IS-implementation: a tri-motors theory of organizational change. Case study of how an IT-enabled process of organizational change because of the presence of a teleological, life-cycle, and dialectical motor unfolds within a Dutch government organization.
Spicer, David P.
KeywordIT-enabled organizational change
Tri-motors ideal-type process theory
Rights© 2010 Winkel, G. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share-Alike License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/uk).
InstitutionUniversity of Bradford
DepartmentSchool of Management
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AbstractThe reason for the study is that IT-enabled organizational change processes such as information system implementations have high costs and disappointing results. Studies to identify causes of the mentioned failures are mainly based on a variance approach. This study applies another approach which is not yet performed in this field of research and affects several themes. Based on a process approach data is compared with ideal-process theories to identify the generative mechanisms causing the unfolding of the process. Thus, the study identifies a recipe and not the ingredients.
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Effect before cause: supramodal recalibration of sensorimotor timing.Heron, James; Hanson, James Vincent Michael; Whitaker, David J. (Public Library of Science, 2009)Background: Our motor actions normally generate sensory events, but how do we know which events were self generated and which have external causes? Here we use temporal adaptation to investigate the processing stage and generality of our sensorimotor timing estimates. Methodology/Principal Findings: Adaptation to artificially-induced delays between action and event can produce a startling percept¿upon removal of the delay it feels as if the sensory event precedes its causative action. This temporal recalibration of action and event occurs in a quantitatively similar manner across the sensory modalities. Critically, it is robust to the replacement of one sense during the adaptation phase with another sense during the test judgment. Conclusions/Significance: Our findings suggest a high-level, supramodal recalibration mechanism. The effects are well described by a simple model which attempts to preserve the expected synchrony between action and event, but only when causality indicates it is reasonable to do so. We further demonstrate that this model successfully characterises related adaptation data from outside the sensorimotor domain.
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A course in statistical engineeringCampean, I. Felician; Grove, Daniel M.; Henshall, Edwin (2005)A course in statistical engineering has recently been added to the Ford Motor Company's Technical Education Program. The aim was to produce materials suitable for use by Ford but which could also be promoted by the UK's Royal Statistical Society within the university sector. The course is built around a sequence of realistic tasks dictated by the flow of the product creation process. Its structure and content is thus driven by engineering need rather than statistical method, promoting constructivist learning. Before describing the course content we review the changing role of the engineer and comment on the relationships between Systems Engineering, Design for Six Sigma and Statistical Engineering. We give details of a case study which plays a crucial role in the course. We focus on some important features of the development process and conclude with a discussion of the approach we have taken and possible future developments.