Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorBenkreira, Hadj
dc.contributor.advisorPatel, Rajnikant
dc.contributor.authorButterfield, Craig*
dc.date.accessioned2011-07-06T10:08:15Z
dc.date.available2011-07-06T10:08:15Z
dc.date.issued2011-07-06
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/4930
dc.description.abstractThe mixing of additives into a plastic is an extremely important step in the plastics industry, necessary for the manufacture of almost every conceivable product. Therefore the costs in developing new products can prove very expensive as the testing is usually carried out using full scale machines, usually using twin screw extruders because they are able to provide good dispersive and distributive mixing. This is particularly important when compounding difficult to disperse additives and nano-additives. What is required is a machine that can replicate the mixing abilities of a twin-screw extruder but on a laboratory scale. There have been attempts by industry to develop smaller machines, such as the Thermo Scientific HAAKE Minilab II Micro Compounder which processes on the scale of 7 cm3 of material volume. This can be too small for some needs and therefore a machine is required to produce material on the 10g to 100g scale. To this end a laboratory mixer of novel design was devised and its mixing performance was assessed using conductive carbon black and compared against the Thermo Scientific HAAKE Minilab II Micro Compounder, a 19 mm co-rotating twin-screw extruder and a 40 mm co-rotating twin-screw extruder. Carbon black was used because mixing performance can be assessed by measuring the minimum carbon loading necessary to induce electrical conductivity. It was found that the minimixer was able to induce electrical conductivity at loading of 5.75% but the comparison with the other machines proved difficult as the achievement of the threshold at which semi-conductivity occurred appeared independent of shear rate and mixing duration.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipEPSRCen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rights<a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/"><img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0" src="http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-nd/3.0/88x31.png" /></a><br />The University of Bradford theses are licenced under a <a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/">Creative Commons Licence</a>.en_US
dc.subjectPolymersen_US
dc.subjectTwin screwen_US
dc.subjectDispersive mixingen_US
dc.subjectDistributive mixingen_US
dc.subjectCarbon blacken_US
dc.subjectResistivityen_US
dc.subjectBlown filmen_US
dc.subjectPlasticsen_US
dc.subjectPlastic product productionen_US
dc.subjectPlastic product developmenten_US
dc.titleA novel laboratory dispersive and distributive minimixer and applications. Development of a new minimixer that can duplicate mixing which occurs in a large twin screw extruder.en_US
dc.type.qualificationleveldoctoralen_US
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Bradfordeng
dc.publisher.departmentSchool of Engineering, Design and Technologyen_US
dc.typeThesiseng
dc.type.qualificationnamePhDen_US
dc.date.awarded2009
dc.description.publicnotesThe following files are not available online: Americhem raw data; Carbon Black raw data; Videos.
refterms.dateFOA2018-07-19T05:34:14Z


Item file(s)

Thumbnail
Name:
Butterfield_Craig.pdf
Size:
5.004Mb
Format:
PDF
Thumbnail
Name:
Appendix A Americhem Sample ...
Size:
10.88Mb
Format:
PDF
Description:
Appendix A

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record