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dc.contributor.advisorMcDonnell, Gerry
dc.contributor.advisorJanaway, Robert C.
dc.contributor.advisorStern, Ben
dc.contributor.authorMalham, Albertine*
dc.date.accessioned2011-06-22T16:05:25Z
dc.date.available2011-06-22T16:05:25Z
dc.date.issued2011-06-22
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/4906
dc.description.abstractArtefacts relating to tin smelting from tin mills or ¿blowing houses¿ in Devon and Cornwall, plus material from smelting sites that cover a range of dates from the Bronze Age through to the 19th Century, were examined: these include metallic tin, furnace linings, ore samples and slag. Analysis of tin slags from over forty sites was carried out, to determine microstructure and chemical composition. Techniques employed included optical and scanning electron microscopy, X-ray fluorescence and ICP mass spectrometry. Analysis indicates that slag appearance and composition are heavily influenced by local geology. Composition, particularly iron content, is shown to have a strong effect on slag melting point and viscosity, and the implications for the purity of metal produced are discussed. Bringing together the evidence provided by slag chemistry, documentary sources and smelting remains in the archaeological record, changes in tin smelting technology through time, and the consequences thereof, are considered.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipR. F. Tylecote Memorial Fund, administered by the Historical Metallurgy Society, and the Francis Raymond Hudson Memorial Fund.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rights<a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/"><img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0" src="http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-nd/3.0/88x31.png" /></a><br />The University of Bradford theses are licenced under a <a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/">Creative Commons Licence</a>.en_US
dc.subjectTinen_US
dc.subjectSmeltingen_US
dc.subjectSlagen_US
dc.subjectFurnaceen_US
dc.subjectDevonen_US
dc.subjectCornwallen_US
dc.subjectMedievalen_US
dc.subjectPost-medievalen_US
dc.subjectBlowing houses (Tin mills)en_US
dc.titleThe classification and interpretation of tin smelting remains from South West England. A study of the microstructure and chemical composition of tin smelting slags from Devon and Cornwall, and the effect of technological developments upon the character of slags.en_US
dc.type.qualificationleveldoctoralen_US
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Bradfordeng
dc.publisher.departmentDepartment of Archaeological Sciencesen_US
dc.typeThesiseng
dc.type.qualificationnamePhDen_US
dc.date.awarded2010
refterms.dateFOA2018-08-10T13:55:24Z


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