High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in the investigation of gout in paleopathology.
|dc.identifier.citation||Swinson, D., Snaith, J., Buckberry, J. and Brickley, M. (2010). High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in the investigation of gout in palaeopathology. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. Vol. 20, pp. 135¿143.||en|
|dc.description.abstract||Gout is a disease caused by the abnormal accumulation of uric acid in the body, which can result in sodium urate crystals forming tophi at joints, with associated erosion of bone and cartilage. Only two examples of tophi have been reported from archaeological individuals, and the diagnosis of gout based on dry bone manifestations can be difficult. This paper presents preliminary results of a new technique to aid the diagnosis of gout in palaeopathology, namely high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Five archaeological skeletons with suspected gout (diagnosed using visual and radiological analysis) and three controls were analysed. Two of the gouty individuals had a white powder in their erosive lesions. HPLC showed the presence of uric acid in bone in four of the five individuals with evidence of gouty arthritis and was negative for uric acid in bone from the three controls. The white powder was also positive for uric acid. With reliance on the presence of articular erosions, cases of gout will be missed in archaeological human bone. HPLC measurement of uric acid could prove useful in the differential diagnosis of erosive arthropathy in archaeology. It may also be useful in identifying individuals with an increased body pool of uric acid, linked to conditions included in the term `metabolic syndrome¿. As a result, HPLC uric acid measurement also has the potential to provide additional information on health and lifestyle in past communities.||en|
|dc.title||High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in the investigation of gout in paleopathology.||en|