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dc.contributor.authorWhitaker, David J.*
dc.contributor.authorLevi, D.M.*
dc.contributor.authorKennedy, Graeme J.*
dc.date.accessioned2010-12-06T16:28:33Z
dc.date.available2010-12-06T16:28:33Z
dc.date.issued2008-04
dc.identifier.citationWhitaker, D., Levi, D. M. and Kennedy, G. J. (2008). Integration across Time Determines Path Deviation Discrimination for Moving Objects. PLoS ONE. 3(4): e1930. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001930en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/4521
dc.descriptionYesen
dc.description.abstractBackground: Human vision is vital in determining our interaction with the outside world. In this study we characterize our ability to judge changes in the direction of motion of objects-a common task which can allow us either to intercept moving objects, or else avoid them if they pose a threat. Methodology/Principal Findings: Observers were presented with objects which moved across a computer monitor on a linear path until the midline, at which point they changed their direction of motion, and observers were required to judge the direction of change. In keeping with the variety of objects we encounter in the real world, we varied characteristics of the moving stimuli such as velocity, extent of motion path and the object size. Furthermore, we compared performance for moving objects with the ability of observers to detect a deviation in a line which formed the static trace of the motion path, since it has been suggested that a form of static memory trace may form the basis for these types of judgment. The static line judgments were well described by a 'scale invariant' model in which any two stimuli which possess the same two-dimensional geometry (length/width) result in the same level of performance. Performance for the moving objects was entirely different. Irrespective of the path length, object size or velocity of motion, path deviation thresholds depended simply upon the duration of the motion path in seconds. Conclusions/Significance: Human vision has long been known to integrate information across space in order to solve spatial tasks such as judgment of orientation or position. Here we demonstrate an intriguing mechanism which integrates direction information across time in order to optimize the judgment of path deviation for moving objects.en
dc.description.sponsorshipWellcome Trust, Leverhulme Trust, NIHen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherPLoSen
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttp://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0001930en
dc.rights© 2008 The Authors. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.en
dc.subjectHuman visionen
dc.subjectTimeen
dc.subjectMotion perceptionen
dc.subjectScale invarianceen
dc.titleIntegration across time determines path deviation discrimination for moving objects.en
dc.status.refereedYesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.type.versionpublished version paperen
refterms.dateFOA2018-07-19T04:22:27Z


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