Investigation, design and implementation of circular-polarised antennas for satellite mobile handset and wireless communications. Simulation and measurement of microstrip patch and wire antennas for handheld satellite mobile handsets and investigations of polarization polarity, specific absorption rate, and antenna design optimization using genetic algorithms.
SupervisorAbd-Alhameed, Raed A.
Excell, Peter S.
KeywordQuadrifilar Spiral Antenna (QSA)
Quadrifilar Helical Antenna (QHA)
Microstrip patch antennas
Specific Absorption Rate (SAR)
Genetic Algorithms (GA)
Satellite mobile communication
Wireless sensor networks
The University of Bradford theses are licenced under a Creative Commons Licence.
InstitutionUniversity of Bradford
DepartmentSchool of Engineering, Design and Technology
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe objectives of this research work are to investigate, design and implement circularly-polarized antennas to be used for handheld satellite mobile communication and wireless sensor networks. Several antennas such as Quadrifilar Spiral Antennas (QSAs), two arm Square Spiral and stripline or coaxially-fed microstrip patch antennas are developed and tested. These antennas are investigated and discussed to operate at L band (1.61-1.6214GHz) and ISM band (2.4835-2.5GHz) A substantial size reduction was achieved compared to conventional designs by introducing special modifications to the antenna geometries. Most of the antennas are designed to produce circularly-polarized broadside-beam except for wireless sensor network application a circularly-polarized conical-beam is considered. The polarization purity and Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) of two dual-band antennas for satellite-mobile handsets next to the human head are investigated and discussed, using a hybrid computational method. A small distance between the head and the handset is chosen to highlight the effects of the relatively high-radiated power proposed from this particular antenna. A Genetic Algorithm in cooperation with an electromagnetic simulator has been introduced to provide fast, accurate and reliable solutions for antenna design structures. Circularly-polarized quadrifilar helical antenna handset and two air-dielectric microstrip antennas were studied. The capabilities of GA are shown as an efficient optimisation tool for selecting globally optimal parameters to be used in simulations with an electromagnetic antenna design code, seeking convergence to designated specifications. The results in terms of the antenna size and radiation performance are addressed, and compared to measurements and previously published data.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Improved bandwidth low-profile miniaturized multi-arm logarithmic spiral antennaZhu, Shaozhen (Sharon); Ghazaany, Tahereh S.; Abd-Alhameed, Raed A.; Jones, Steven M.R.; Noras, James M.; Suggett, T.; Van Buren, T.; Marker, S. (2014)
Miniaturized tunable conical helix antennaZhu, F.; Ghazaany, Tahereh S.; Abd-Alhameed, Raed A.; Jones, Steven M.R.; Noras, James M.; Suggett, T.; Marker, S. (2014)A miniaturized conical helix antenna is presented, which displays vertical polarization with electrically small dimensions of 10mm×10mm×45mm. The resonance of the antenna is made tunable by adding a variable digital MEMS capacitor load at the bottom of the helix, giving a tuning range of 316 MHz to 400 MHz. The antenna demonstrates considerable impedance matching bandwidth and gain over the entire tuning frequency band. Most importantly, the antenna is capable of compact, flexible and easy integration into a wireless device package or for platform installation.
Model and design of small compact dielectric resonator and printed antennas for wireless communications applications. Model and simulation of dialectric resonator (DR) and printed antennas for wireless applications; investigations of dual band and wideband responses including antenna radiation performance and antenna design optimization using parametric studiesAbd-Alhameed, Raed A.; McEwen, N.J.; Mujtaba, Iqbal M.; Elmegri, Fauzi (University of BradfordFaculty of Engineering and Informatics, 2015)Dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) technologies are applicable to a wide variety of mobile wireless communication systems. The principal energy loss mechanism for this type of antenna is the dielectric loss, and then using modern ceramic materials, this may be very low. These antennas are typically of small size, with a high radiation efficiency, often above 95%; they deliver wide bandwidths, and possess a high power handling capability. The principal objectives of this thesis are to investigate and design DRA for low profile personal and nomadic communications applications for a wide variety of spectrum requirements: including DCS, PCS, UMTS, WLAN, UWB applications. X-band and part of Ku band applications are also considered. General and specific techniques for bandwidth expansion, diversity performance and balanced operation have been investigated through detailed simulation models, and physical prototyping. The first major design to be realized is a new broadband DRA operating from 1.15GHz to 6GHz, which has the potential to cover most of the existing mobile service bands. This antenna design employs a printed crescent shaped monopole, and a defected cylindrical DRA. The broad impedance bandwidth of this antenna is achieved by loading the crescent shaped radiator of the monopole with a ceramic material with a permittivity of 81. The antenna volume is 57.0 37.5 5.8 mm3, which in conjunction with the general performance parameters makes this antenna a potential candidate for mobile handset applications. The next class of antenna to be discussed is a novel offset slot-fed broadband DRA assembly. The optimised structure consists of two asymmetrically located cylindrical DRA, with a rectangular slot feed mechanism. Initially, designed for the frequency range from 9GHz to 12GHz, it was found that further spectral improvements were possible, leading to coverage from 8.5GHz to 17GHz. Finally, a new low cost dual-segmented S-slot coupled dielectric resonator antenna design is proposed for wideband applications in the X-band region, covering 7.66GHz to 11.2GHz bandwidth. The effective antenna volume is 30.0 x 25.0 x 0.8 mm3. The DR segments may be located on the same side, or on opposite sides, of the substrate. The end of these configurations results in an improved diversity performance.