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dc.contributor.advisorHenry, R.M.
dc.contributor.authorKaymaz, I. Ali
dc.date.accessioned2010-02-08T16:55:52Z
dc.date.available2010-02-08T16:55:52Z
dc.date.issued2010-02-08T16:55:52Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/4217
dc.description.abstractThere is a considerable scope for improving the temperature control of exothermic processes. In this thesis, a sub-optimal control strategy is developed through utilizing the dynamic, simulation tool. This scheme is built around easily obtained knowledge of the system and still retains flexibility. It can be applied to both exothermic batch and fed-batch processes. It consists of servo and regulatory modes, where a Generalized Predictive Controller (GPC) was used to provide self-tuning facilities. The methods outlined allow for limited thermal runaway whilst keeping some spare cooling capacity to ensure that operation at constraints are not violated. A special feature of the method proposed is that switching temperatures and temperature profiles can be readily found from plant trials whilst the addition rate profile Is capable of fairly straightforward computation. The work shows that It is unnecessary to demand stability for the whole of the exothermic reaction cycle, permitting a small runaway has resulted in a fast temperature response within the given safety margin. The Idea was employed for an exothermic single Irreversible reaction and also to a set of complex reactions. Both are carried out in a vessel with a heating/cooling coil. Two constraints are Imposed; (1) limited heat transfer area, and (11) a maximum allowable reaction temperature Tmax. The non-minimum phase problem can be considered as one of the difficulties in managing exothermic fed-batch process when cold reactant Is added to vessel at the maximum operating temperature. The control system coped with this within limits, a not unexpected result. In all cases, the new strategy out-performed the conventional controller and produced smoother variations in the manipulated variable. The simulation results showed that batch to batch variations and disturbances In cooling were successfully handled. GPC worked well but can be susceptible to measurement noise.en
dc.description.sponsorshipHigher Education Ministry and Scientific Researchen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rights© 1989 Kymaz, I. Ali. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share-Alike License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/uk).en
dc.subjectBatch controlen
dc.subjectFed-batch controlen
dc.subjectSub-optimal controlen
dc.subjectControl systems designen
dc.subjectDynamic simulationen
dc.subjectAdaptive controlen
dc.subjectTemperature controlen
dc.subjectExothermic processesen
dc.titleControl strategies for exothermic batch and fed-batch processes A sub-optimal strategy is developed which combines fast response with a chosen control signal safety margin. Design procedures are described and results compared with conventional control.en
dc.type.qualificationleveldoctoralen
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Bradfordeng
dc.publisher.departmentSchool of Control Engineeringen
dc.typeThesiseng
dc.type.qualificationnamePhDen
dc.date.awarded1989
refterms.dateFOA2018-10-24T01:12:23Z


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