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Ugail, Hassan (101)

Gonzalez Castro, Gabriela (25)Bukar, Ali M. (9)Sheng, Y. (9)Wilson, M.J. (9)Sweeney, John (7)Whiteside, Benjamin R. (7)Willis, P. (7)Connah, David (6)Athanasopoulos, Michael (5)View MoreSubjectPDE surfaces (19)Partial differential equations (PDEs) (14)Partial differential equations (6)Biharmonic equation (5)PDE method (5)Surface profiling (5)Design optimisation (3)Face (3)Feature extraction (3)Geometric Modelling (3)View MoreDate Issued2010 - 2019 (55)2000 - 2009 (44)1998 - 1999 (2)
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A PDE method for patchwise approximation of large polygon meshes

Sheng, Y.; Sourin, A.; Gonzalez Castro, Gabriela; Ugail, Hassan (2010)

Three-dimensional (3D) representations of com- plex geometric shapes, especially when they are recon- structed from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and com- puted tomography (CT) data, often result in large polygon meshes which require substantial storage for their handling, and normally have only one fixed level of detail (LOD). This can often be an obstacle for efficient data exchange and interactive work with such objects. We propose to re- place such large polygon meshes with a relatively small set of coefficients of the patchwise partial differential equation (PDE) function representation. With this model, the approx- imations of the original shapes can be rendered with any desired resolution at interactive rates. Our approach can di- rectly work with any common 3D reconstruction pipeline, which we demonstrate by applying it to a large reconstructed medical data set with irregular geometry.

Towards a definition of virtual objects with Partial Differential Equations

Ugail, Hassan; Sourin, A.; Sourina, O.; Gonzalez Castro, Gabriela (2009)

We propose an efficient alternative to commonly used parametric surfaces such as NURBS surfaces for definition of complex geometry in shared virtual spaces. Our mathematical model allows to define objects by only providing coordinates of the section curves in 3-space. The resulting parametric functions allow fast calculation of the coordinates of the points on the surface of the objects. We devise an algorithm which evaluates the coefficients of these functions in real time. Given the small size of the resulting formulas and interactive rates for their calculation, we are able to efficiently use such PDE-based models for making virtual objects in shared virtual spaces. We describe the modeling framework and illustrate the proposed theoretical concepts with our function-based extension of VRML and X3D.

Cyclic animation of a human body using PDE surfaces

Athanasopoulos, Michael; Gonzalez Castro, Gabriela; Ugail, Hassan (2009)

In this work we propose a modelling technique for producing cyclic motions of human body. The surface of the human body has been created from a set of pre-configured curves that were used as the set of boundary conditions to solve a number of partial differential equations (PDE). These boundary curves are attached to a skeletal system that holds the animation for cyclic motions. An important function of the method described here is the use of mathematical expressions within Maya software for generating the cyclic motion leading to a very realistic movement. Thus, the user can interactively manipulate the position and movement of various body parts to achieve various cyclic motions. Finally the animation can be transferred to either the original mesh model from where the boundary curves associated with the PDE surface were extracted or to another mesh model with equivalent topology.

Characterization of micro-scale surface features using Partial Differential Equations

Gonzalez Castro, Gabriela; Spares, Robert; Ugail, Hassan; Whiteside, Benjamin R.; Sweeney, John (2010)

Method of modelling the compaction behaviour of cylindrical pharmaceutical tablets

Ahmat, Norhayati; Ugail, Hassan; Gonzalez Castro, Gabriela (2010)

The mechanisms involved for compaction of pharmaceutical powders have become a crucial step in the development cycle for robust tablet design with required properties. Compressibility of pharmaceutical materials is measured by a force-displacement relationship which is commonly analysed using a well known method, the Heckel model. This model requires the true density and compacted powder mass value to determine the powder mean yield pressure. In this paper, we present a technique for shape modelling of pharmaceutical tablets based on the use of partial differential equations (PDEs). This work also presents an extended formulation of the PDE method to a higher dimensional space by increasing the number of parameters responsible for describing the surface in order to generate a solid tablet. Furthermore, the volume and the surface area of the parametric cylindrical tablet have been estimated numerically. Finally, the solution of the axisymmetric boundary value problem for a finite cylinder subject to a uniform axial load has been utilised in order to model the displacement components of a compressed PDE-based representation of a tablet. The Heckel plot obtained from the developed model shows that the model is capable of predicting the compaction behaviour of pharmaceutical materials since it fits the experimental data accurately.

Facial Geometry Parameterisation based on Partial Differential Equations

Sheng, Y.; Gonzalez Castro, Gabriela; Ugail, Hassan; Willis, P. (2011)

Geometric modelling using Partial Differential Equations (PDEs) has been gradually recognised due to its smooth instinct, as well as the ability to generate a variety of geometric shapes by intuitively manipulating a relatively small set of PDE boundary curves. In this paper we explore and demonstrate the feasibility of the PDE method in facial geometry parameterisation. The geometry of a generic face is approximated by evaluating spectral solutions to a group of fourth order elliptic PDEs. Our PDE-based parameterisation scheme can produce and animate a high-resolution 3D face with a relatively small number of parameters. By taking advantage of parametric representation, the PDE method can use one fixed animation scheme to manipulate the facial geometry in varying Levels of Detail (LODs), without any further process.

Surface profiling of micro-scale structures using partial differential equation

Surface profiling of micro-scale surface features using Partial Differential Equations

On the development of an Interactive talking head system

Athanasopoulos, Michael; Ugail, Hassan; Gonzalez Castro, Gabriela (2010)

Automatic Reconstruction and Web Visualization of Complex PDE Shapes

Pang, M.; Sheng, Y.; Gonzalez Castro, Gabriela; Sourin, A.; Ugail, Hassan (2010)

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