• An experimental investigation of LNAPL migration in an unsaturated/saturated sand.

      Sharma, R.S.; Mohamed, Mostafa H.A. (2003)
      Accidental spills of hydrocarbons, such as Light Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids (LNAPLs), are one of the most common sources of subsurface contamination. Migration of LNAPL in a porous medium is influenced by various factors such as the number of fluids present in the unsaturated/saturated zones and the proportion of pores occupied by each fluid. The results for relationship between matric suction and degree of saturation are presented in this paper for water¿air, water¿LNAPL and LNAPL¿air systems in a sand. A simple and reliable setup using Buchner funnel was designed to obtain these relations. It was found that the relationship between matric suction head and degree of saturation is hysteretic for all the fluid systems (water¿air, water¿LNAPL and LNAPL¿air). Furthermore, the amount of hysteresis depended upon the fluid system, with the maximum hysteresis occurring for water¿air system. The results suggest that the amount of trapped air depends upon the reversal degree of saturation from drying to wetting.