• Controlling the material removal and roughness of Inconel 718 in laser machining

      Ahmed, N.; Rafaqat, M.; Pervaiz, S.; Umer, U.; Alkhalefa, H.; Shar, Muhammad A.; Mian, S.H. (2019-05-16)
      Nickel alloys including Inconel 718 are considered as challenging materials for machining. Laser beam machining could be a promising choice to deal with such materials for simple to complex machining features. The machining accuracy is mainly dependent on the rate of material removal per laser scan. Because of the involvement of many laser parameters and complexity of the machining mechanism it is not always simple to achieve machining with desired accuracy. Actual machining depth extremely varies from very low to aggressively high values with reference to the designed depth. Thus, a research is needed to be carried out to control the process parameters to get actual material removal rate (MRRact) equals to the theoretical material removal rate (MRRth) with minimum surface roughness (SR) of the machined surfaces. In this study, five important laser parameters have been used to investigate their effects on MRR and SR. Statistical analysis are performed to identify the significant parameters with their strength of effects. Mathematical models have been developed and validated to predict the machining responses. Optimal set of laser parameters have also been proposed and confirmed to achieve the actual MRR close to the designed MRR (MRR% = 100.1%) with minimum surface roughness (Ra = 2.67 µm).
    • Modelling of the dynamic tool-chip interface in metal cutting

      Qi, Hong Sheng; Mills, B. (2003)
      The formation of tribo-layers during machining is very common phenomena, especially when machining `free machining¿ steels. Several kinds of tribo-layers formed in metal cutting processes have been reported, layers of inclusions from the workpiece, oxide layers due to chemical reaction, plastic deformation layers, material transfer layers (MTLs) or built-up layers (BULs). A new tool¿chip contact model is proposed to explain the tribo-layer phenomena, which considers the nature of the shear strain rate distribution in the secondary deformation zone. A shear strain rate distribution in this zone having a shape similar to that found in the preliminary zone is proposed. A cutting interface (CI) is defined and this interface is at different location to the material boundary of tool and chip (MBTC). This difference is a key factor in the formation of the tribo-layer in the secondary deformation zone. This model can be used in improving tool wear prediction and the estimation of tool life.