• Recent Research and Development in Composite Steel Beams with Precast Hollow Core Slabs.

      Lam, Dennis; Uy, B. (2003)
      The recently published report on Rethinking Construction in the UK has highlighted the need to reduce on-site activities as part of its drive for greater efficiency, improved quality and greater certainty in the delivery of construction projects. For multi-storey buildings, the use of precast slabs in the floors - particularly if this can be done without the need for in-situ screeds - drastically reduces the volume of on-site concreting required. Although the use of precast hollow core slabs in steel framed buildings are common, their use in composite design with steel beams is relatively new. By designing the steel beams and precast hollow core slabs compositely, a reduction in beam size and overall floor depth can be achieved, which would lead to an overall reduction in construction cost. This paper summarises the recent developments and on-going research on composite construction with precast hollow core slabs.
    • Strength, stiffness and ductility of concrete-filled steel columns under axial compression

      Lam, Dennis; Wang, Z-B.; Tao, Z.; Han, L-H.; Uy, B.; Lam, Dennis; Kang, W-H. (2017-03-15)
      Extensive experimental and theoretical studies have been conducted on the compressive strength of concrete-filled steel tubular (CFST) columns, but little attention has been paid to their compressive stiffness and deformation capacity. Despite this, strength prediction approaches in existing design codes still have various limitations. A finite element model, which was previously proposed by the authors and verified using a large amount of experimental data, is used in this paper to generate simulation data covering a wide range of parameters for circular and rectangular CFST stub columns under axial compression. Regression analysis is conducted to propose simplified models to predict the compressive strength, the compressive stiffness, and the compressive strain corresponding to the compressive strength (ductility) for the composite columns. Based on the new strength prediction model, the capacity reduction factors for the steel and concrete materials are recalibrated to achieve a target reliability index of 3.04 when considering resistance effect only.
    • Use of hollowcore flooring in composite steel-concrete construction. Part 2 - Design considerations.

      Lam, Dennis; Uy, B. (28/02/2014)
      This article presents the design procedures for the use of precast hollowcore slabs in steel-concrete composite construction. The paper also summarises the recent and on-going work on the transfer of this knowledge into the Australian construction industry. Whilst it is common practice to use precast concrete planks in Australian building construction, the benefits of composite behaviour with steel beams have not yet been fully realised with these systems, (National Precast Concrete Association of Australia, 2003). The use of precast hollowcore slabs in steel composite construction has seen rapid growth in popularity since it was first developed in the 1990s. The main advantages of this form of construction are that precast hollowcore slabs can span up to 15 metres without propping. The erection of 1.2 metre wide precast concrete units is simple and quick, shear studs can be pre-welded on beams before delivery to site thereby offering the savings associated with shorter construction times.