• An EKF-Based Performance Enhancement Scheme for Stochastic Nonlinear Systems by Dynamic Set-Point Adjustment

      Tang, X.; Zhang, Qichun; Hu, L. (2020-04-01)
      In this paper, a performance enhancement scheme has been investigated for a class of stochastic nonlinear systems via set-point adjustment. Considering the practical industrial processes, the multi-layer systematic structure has been adopted to achieve the control design requirements subjected to random noise. The basic loop control is given by PID design while the parameters have been fixed after the design phase. Alternatively, we can consider that there exists an unadjustable loop control. Then, the additional loop is designed for performance enhancement in terms of the tracking accuracy. In particular, a novel approach has been presented to dynamically adjust the set-points using the estimated states of the systems through extended Kalman filter (EKF). Minimising the entropy criterion, the parameters of the set-point adjustment controller can be optimised which will enhance the performance of the entire closed-loop systems. Based upon the presented scheme, the stochastic stability analysis has been given to demonstrate that the closed-loop tracking errors are bounded in probability one. To indicate the effectiveness of the presented control scheme, the numerical examples have been given and the simulation results imply that the designed systems are bounded and the tracking performance can be enhanced simultaneously. In summary, a new framework for system performance enhancement has been presented even if the loop control is unadjustable which forms the main contribution of this paper.
    • Neural membrane mutual coupling characterisation using entropy-based iterative learning identification

      Tang, X.; Zhang, Qichun; Dai, X.; Zou, Y. (2020-11)
      This paper investigates the interaction phenomena of the coupled axons while the mutual coupling factor is presented as a pairwise description. Based on the Hodgkin-Huxley model and the coupling factor matrix, the membrane potentials of the coupled myelinated/unmyelinated axons are quantified which implies that the neural coupling can be characterised by the presented coupling factor. Meanwhile the equivalent electric circuit is supplied to illustrate the physical meaning of this extended model. In order to estimate the coupling factor, a data-based iterative learning identification algorithm is presented where the Rényi entropy of the estimation error has been minimised. The convergence of the presented algorithm is analysed and the learning rate is designed. To verified the presented model and the algorithm, the numerical simulation results indicate the correctness and the effectiveness. Furthermore, the statistical description of the neural coupling, the approximation using ordinary differential equation, the measurement and the conduction of the nerve signals are discussed respectively as advanced topics. The novelties can be summarised as follows: 1) the Hodgkin-Huxley model has been extended considering the mutual interaction between the neural axon membranes, 2) the iterative learning approach has been developed for factor identification using entropy criterion, and 3) the theoretical framework has been established for this class of system identification problems with convergence analysis.