• Bond between glass fibre reinforced polymer bars and high - strength concrete

      Saleh, N.; Ashour, Ashraf F.; Sheehan, Therese (ElSevier, 2019-12)
      In this study, bond properties of glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars embedded in high-strength concrete (HSC) were experimentally investigated using a pull-out test. The experimental program consisted of testing 84 pull-out specimens prepared according to ACI 440.3R-12 standard. The testing of the specimens was carried out considering bar diameter (9.5, 12.7 and 15.9 mm), embedment length (2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10 times bar diameter) and surface configuration (helical wrapping with slight sand coating (HW-SC) and sand coating (SC)) as the main parameters. Twelve pull-out specimens reinforced with 16 mm steel bar were also tested for comparison purposes. Most of the specimens failed by a pull-out mode. Visual inspection of the tested specimens reinforced with GFRP (HW-SC) bars showed that the pull-out failure was due to the damage of outer bar surface, whilst the detachment of the sand coating was responsible for the bond failure of GFRP (SC) reinforced specimens. The bond stress – slip behaviour of GFRP (HW-SC) bars is different from that of GFRP (SC) bars and it was also found that GFRP (SC) bars gave a better bond performance than GFRP (HW-SC) bars. It was observed that the reduction rate of bond strength of both GFRP types with increasing the bar diameter and the embedment length was reduced in the case of high-strength concrete. Bond strength predictions obtained from ACI-440.1R, CSAeS806, CSA-S6 and JSCE design codes were compared with the experimental results. Overall, all design guidelines were conservative in predicting bond strength of both GFRP bars in HSC and ACI predictions were closer to the tested results than other codes.
    • Experimental investigation of bond behaviour of two common GFRP bar types in high-strength concrete

      Saleh, N.; Ashour, Ashraf F.; Lam, Dennis; Sheehan, Therese (2019-03-20)
      Although several research studies have been conducted on investigating the bond stress – slip behaviour of Glass-Fibre Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) bars embedded in high strength concrete (HSC) using a pull-out method, there is no published work on the bond behaviour of GFRP bars embedded in high strength concrete using a hinged beam. This paper presents the experimental work consisted of testing 28 hinged beams prepared according to RILEM specifications. The investigation of bond performance of GFRP bars in HSC was carried out by analysing the effect of the following parameters: bar diameter (9.5, 12.7 and 15.9 mm), embedment length (5 and 10 times bar diameter), surface configuration (helical wrapping with slight sand coating (HW-SC) and sand coating (SC)) and bar location (top and bottom). Four hinged beams reinforced with 16 mm steel bar were also tested for comparison purposes. The majority of beam specimens failed by pull-out. Visual inspection of the test specimens showed that the bond failure of GFRP (HW-SC) bars usually occurred owing to the bar surface damage, while the bond failure of GFRP (SC) bars was caused due to the detachment of sand coating. The GFRP bars with helical wrapping and sand coated surface configurations showed different bond behaviour and it was found that the bond performance of the sand coated surface was better than that of the helically wrapped surface. Bond strength reduced as the embedment length and bar diameter increased. It was also observed that the bond strength for the bottom bars was higher than that of the top bars. The bond strength was compared against the prediction methods given in ACI-440.1R, CSA-S806 and CSA-S6 codes. All design guidelines underestimated the bond strength of both GFRP re-bars embedded in high strength concrete.