• A realization of integrated satellite-terrestrial communication networks for aeronautical services via joint radio resource management

      Cheng, Yongqiang; Xu, Kai J.; Pillai, Anju; Pillai, Prashant; Hu, Yim Fun; Ali, Muhammad; Ahmed, Adeel (2013)
      Despite air travel has not grown as predicted, air travel is still expected to rise to just less than doubling the current figure by 2030. This creates an urging need to develop more efficient Air Traffic Management (ATM) solutions. Around the globe, research and development initiatives have been launched to modernize the air traffic control infrastructures. These modernized infrastructures will be built around continuous information gathering, sharing and transferring of data between aircraft and air navigation service providers and airports ground infrastructure, which will be difficult for current aeronautical communications systems to handle. As a result, new communication infrastructures are required to manage future aeronautical communication traffic demand. This paper proposes an integrated aeronautical communication architecture consisting of four radio access technologies for communications between aircrafts and ground Aeronautical Telecommunication Network (ATN). The design and implementation of a Joint Radio Resource Management (JRRM) framework to manage these radio resources are discussed. The design is verified by a proof-of-concept JRRM prototype which is developed for the management of radio resource between the Inmarsat Broadband Global Area Network (BGAN) and the Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communication System (AeroMACS).
    • An adaptive connection admission control algorithm for UMTS based satellite system with variable capacity supporting multimedia services

      Pillai, Anju; Hu, Yim Fun; Halliwell, Rosemary A. (2013)
      This paper is focused on the design of an adaptive Connection Admission Control (CAC) algorithm for a Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (UMTS) based satellite system with variable link capacity. The main feature of the proposed algorithm is to maximize the resource utilization by adapting to the link conditions and the antenna gain of the users. The link quality of the user may vary depending on the weather condition, user mobility and any other propagation factors. The algorithm is compared against a non-adaptive admission control algorithm under different test cases. The proposed CAC algorithm is simulated using MATLAB and the performance results are obtained for a mix of multimedia traffic classes such as video streaming, web browsing, netted voice and email. The simulation results indicate a higher system performance in terms of the blocking ratio and the number of admitted connections.
    • Fuzzy based CRRM for load balancing in heterogenous wireless networks

      Ali, Muhammad; Pillai, Prashant; Hu, Yim Fun; Xu, Kai J.; Cheng, Yongqiang; Pillai, Anju (2013)
      The ever increasing user QoS demands and emergence of new user applications make job of network operators and manufacturers more challenging for efficiently optimisation and managing radio resources in radio the radio resources pools of different wireless networks. A group of strategies or mechanisms which are collectively responsible for efficient utilisation of radio resources available within the Radio Access Technologies (RAT) are termed as Radio Resource Management (RRM). The traditional RRM strategies are implemented independently in each RAT, as each RRM strategy considers attributes of a particular access technology. Therefore traditional RRM strategies are not suitable for heterogeneous wireless networks. Common Radio Resource Management (CRRM) or joint radio resource management (JRRM) strategies are proposed for coordinating radio resource management between multiple RATs in an improved manner. In this paper a fuzzy algorithm based CRRM strategy is presented to efficiently utilise the available radio resources in heterogeneous wireless networks. The proposed CRRM strategy balances the load in heterogeneous wireless networks and avoids the unwanted congestion situation. The results such as load distribution, packet drop rate and average throughput at mobile nodes are used to demonstrate the benefits of load balancing in heterogeneous wireless networks using proposed strategy.
    • A pre-emption framework for UMTS satellite system supporting multimedia traffic

      Pillai, Anju; Hu, Yim Fun; Halliwell, Rosemary A. (2014-06)
      The pre-emption procedure is an important part of the Radio Resource Management (RRM) when dealing with the emergency traffic. It allows resources to be allocated to higher priority connections by pre-empting lower priority connections. The provision of the pre-emption mechanism becomes much more important in the case of satellite systems such as the Inmarsat Broadband Global Area Network (BGAN) system which aids in providing the communication during a catastrophe. This paper focuses on the preemption framework for a UMTS based satellite systems. Three algorithms have been proposed, Greedy, SubSetSum and Fuzzy pre-emption algorithm. Extensive simulations are carried out for the three algorithms and their performances are compared against each other. Simulation results show that the Fuzzy pre-emption algorithm performs better than the other two algorithms.
    • Sandra fault analysis and simulation

      Ali, Muhammad; Cheng, Yongqiang; Li, Jian-Ping; Hu, Yim Fun; Pillai, Prashant; Pillai, Anju; Xu, Kai J. (2013)
      Fault management is one of the important management functions of a telecommunication network and mainly deals with fault monitoring and diagnosis. This paper applies reliability theories and methodologies for the fault management of an aeronautical communication system developed within the EU FP7 SANDRA project. The failure of the SANDRA terminal demonstrator is an undesirable event and the corresponding fault tree was built upon a reliability function analysis and was used to quickly monitor failures in the system. By using Monte Carlo simulations, the SANDRA demonstrator's reliability can be predicted and important components, which have major contributions to system failures, can be identified. The results can be used to improve the system reliability by adding parallel components in weak and important places.
    • Technology demonstrator of a novel software defined radio-based aeronautical communications system

      Cheng, Yongqiang; Xu, Kai J.; Hu, Yim Fun; Pillai, Prashant; Baddoo, J.; Smith, A.; Ali, Muhammad; Pillai, Anju (2014-11)
      This paper presents the architectural design, software implementation, the validation and flight trial results of an aeronautical communications system developed within the Seamless Aeronautical Networking through integration of Data links Radios and Antennas (SANDRA) project funded by the European 7th Framework Aeronautics and Transport Programme. Based on Software Defined Radio (SDR) techniques, an Integrated Modular Radio (IMR) platform was developed to accommodate several radio technologies. This can drastically reduce the size, weight and cost in avionics with respect to current radio systems implemented as standalone equipment. In addition, the modular approach ensures the possibility to dynamically reconfigure each radio element to operate on a specific type of radio link. A radio resource management (RRM) framework is developed in the IMR consisting of a communication manager for the resource allocation and management of the different radio links and a radio adaptation manager to ensure protocol convergence through IP. The IMR has been validated though flight trials held at Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany in June 2013. The results presented in the paper validate the flexibility and scalability of the IMR platform and demonstrate seamless service coverage across different airspace domains through interworking between the IMR and other components of the SANDRA network.