Browsing Engineering and Informatics by Author "Lai, Y.Q."
Advantage of preserving bi-orientation structure of isotactic polypropylene through die drawingLyu, D.; Sun, Y.Y.; Lai, Y.Q.; Thompson, Glen P.; Caton-Rose, Philip D.; Coates, Philip D.; Lu, Y.; Men, Y.F. (2021-01)The isotactic polypropylene (iPP) usually shows a unique parent-daughter lamellae structure in which the parent and daughter lamellae are against each other with a near perpendicular angle (80° or 100°). Inducing a high fraction of oriented cross-hatched structure in iPP during processing is desirable for designing the bi-oriented iPP products. We processed a commercial iPP via tensile-stretching and die-drawing to evaluate the structural evolution of oriented parent-daughter lamellae. It turned out that the die-drawing process had an advantage in attaining a high fraction of oriented cross-hatched structure of iPP, as compared to the free tensile stretching. Besides, the presence of α-nucleating agents affected the formation of oriented parent-daughter lamellae in the die-drawn samples whereas such influence diminished in the free stretched ones. It was found that the confined deformation inside the die led to the well-preserved oriented cross-hatched structure in the die-drawn iPP.