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dc.contributor.authorLewer, N.
dc.date.accessioned2009-11-20T16:34:03Z
dc.date.available2009-11-20T16:34:03Z
dc.date.issued1997
dc.identifier.citationLewer, N. (1997). Bradford Non-Lethal Weapons Research Project (BNLWRP). Research Report 1. Bradford: University of Bradford, Department of Peace Studies.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/3960
dc.descriptionyesen
dc.description.abstractThe NLW database illustrates the extensive and eclectic literature regarding NLWs which covers the last few decades. It currently contains over 250 entries. It is important to have access not only to the more recent material, but also to earlier sources since many of the general debates and controversies have already been rehearsed, and lessons learnt from them are still relevant today. Yet, it is also vital to follow new developments of NLWs closely because rapidly changing technology is producing weapons whose implications for integration into military and civil police forces have yet to be clearly defined and understood. Of particular interest are not only NLW applications for war fighting, but opportunities for deployment in peace enforcement and peace keeping missions. These technologies span many bases including: psycho-chemicals; unmanned weapons platforms and delivery systems; biogenetics; acoustic and microwave weapons; biological and chemical weapons; laser systems; kinetic energy ballistics; dual purpose (lethal/non-lethal) weapons; and, sprays and foams which inhibit movement. The database will keep up to date on these developments and future reports will highlight new issues and debates surrounding them. With these rapid technological advances come a series of associated dangers and concerns including: the ethics of use; implications for weapons control and disarmament treaties; military doctrine; public accountability and guidelines; dangers of misuse and proliferation; and, research and development strategies. Using the database, and drawing from military and non-military sources, this report will select the main current issues and debates within the non-lethal community. Bearing in mind that many operations undertaken by military forces are now more akin to policing actions (such as peace support operations) there are lessons to be learnt by military units from civil police experience. There still remains a tension between perceived benign and malign intent both in NLW operational use and non-lethal research and development.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherUniversity of Bradforden
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttp://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/nlw/research_reports/researchreport1.phpen
dc.rights© 1997 University of Bradford. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.en
dc.subjectNon lethal weaponsen
dc.subjectWaren
dc.subjectPeace enforcementen
dc.subjectPeace keeping missionsen
dc.subjectKinetic energy ballisticsen
dc.subjectMicrowave weaponsen
dc.subjectAcoustic weaponsen
dc.subjectBiogeneticsen
dc.subjectUnmanned weapons platformsen
dc.subjectPsycho-chemicalsen
dc.subjectLaser systemsen
dc.subjectDual purpose (lethal/non-lethal) weaponsen
dc.subjectSprays and foamsen
dc.titleBradford Non-Lethal Weapons Research Project (BNLWRP). Research Report 1.en
dc.status.refereedNoen
dc.typeReporten
dc.type.versionpublished version paperen
refterms.dateFOA2018-07-18T19:26:53Z


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