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dc.contributor.authorBent, J.*
dc.contributor.authorHutchings, L.R.*
dc.contributor.authorRichards, R.W.*
dc.contributor.authorGough, Timothy D.*
dc.contributor.authorSpares, Robert*
dc.contributor.authorCoates, Philip D.*
dc.contributor.authorGrillo, I.*
dc.contributor.authorHarlen, O.G.*
dc.contributor.authorRead, D.J.*
dc.contributor.authorGraham, R.S.*
dc.date.accessioned2009-11-09T13:20:40Z
dc.date.available2009-11-09T13:20:40Z
dc.date.issued2003
dc.identifier.citationBent, J., Hutchings, L.R., Gough, T.D., Spares, R. and Coates, P.D. et al (2003). Neutron-mapping polymer flow: scattering, flow visualization and molecular theory. Science. Vol. 301, No. 5640, pp. 1691-1695.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/3862
dc.descriptionNoen
dc.description.abstractFlows of complex fluids need to be understood at both macroscopic and molecular scales, because it is the macroscopic response that controls the fluid behavior, but the molecular scale that ultimately gives rise to rheological and solid-state properties. Here the flow field of an entangled polymer melt through an extended contraction, typical of many polymer processes, is imaged optically and by small-angle neutron scattering. The dual-probe technique samples both the macroscopic stress field in the flow and the microscopic configuration of the polymer molecules at selected points. The results are compared with a recent "tube model" molecular theory of entangled melt flow that is able to calculate both the stress and the single-chain structure factor from first principles. The combined action of the three fundamental entangled processes of reptation, contour length fluctuation, and convective constraint release is essential to account quantitatively for the rich rheological behavior. The multiscale approach unearths a new feature: Orientation at the length scale of the entire chain decays considerably more slowly than at the smaller entanglement length.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectFluid behavioren
dc.subjectPolymer flowen
dc.subjectEntangled polymer melten
dc.titleNeutron-mapping polymer flow: scattering, flow visualization and molecular theory.en
dc.status.refereedYesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.type.versionNo full-text available in the repositoryen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1126/science.1086952


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