The finite element method applied to the analysis of tall structural codes. The development of compatible, self equilibriating and hybrid finite elements, and their application to 'plane shear wall' and 'core' problems of the type encountered in modern tall buildings.
AuthorBoot, John C.
KeywordFinite element method
Self equilibriating finite elements
Hybrid finite elements
Plane shear wall problems
The University of Bradford theses are licenced under a Creative Commons Licence.
InstitutionUniversity of Bradford
DepartmentPostgraduate School of Studies in Civil and Structural Engineering.
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A new paradigm for disc-pad interface models in friction brake systemQiu, L.; Qi, Hong Sheng; Wood, Alastair S. (2015)In this paper a 2D coupled thermal-stress finite element model is established and used to predict thermal phenomena at the disc-pad interface of a disc brake system. The importance of certain critical settings and parameters for the 2D FE model has been identified (such as, a limited degree of freedom for a brake pad in place of accepted practice that considers uniform contact), here a non-uniform pressure distribution resulting from friction bending moment effects due to the introduction of a pivot point. These parameters affect the distributions of both interface temperature and pressure. The simulation results show that when the interface conductance h is 10^6 W/m^2K or higher, the interface temperature distribution is no longer sensitive to friction bending moment effects. However, when h is 30000 W/m^2K or lower, the interface temperature distribution and heat partition ratio are significantly affected by the setting used for the rotational degree of freedom of the pad. The simulation results provide a useful reference for a better design of a disc brake system for different applications.
A combined finite-discrete element method for simulating pharmaceutical powder tabletingLewis, R.W.; Gethin, D.T.; Yang, X.S.; Rowe, Raymond C. (2009-06-09)The pharmaceutical powder and tableting process is simulated using a combined finite-discrete element method and contact dynamics for irregular-shaped particles. The particle-scale formulation and two-stage contact detection algorithm which has been developed for the proposed method enhances the overall calculation efficiency for particle interaction characteristics. The irregular particle shapes and random sizes are represented as a pseudo-particle assembly having a scaled up geometry but based on the variations of real powder particles. Our simulations show that particle size, shapes and material properties have a significant influence on the behaviour of compaction and deformation.
Mechanical behaviour and fracture toughness of unfilled and short fibre filled polypropylene both drawn and undrawn. Experimental investigation the effect of fibre content and draw ratio on the mechanical properties of unfilled and short glass fibre filled polypropyleneCaton-Rose, Philip D.; Alkoles, Omar M.S. (University of BradfordSchool of Engineering, Design and Technology, 2013-03-12)The goal of this research is to investigate the combined effects of glass fibre reinforcement and molecular orientation in polypropylene-short glass fibre composites. Specimens have been fabricated using the injection moulding process and drawn using a small die drawing rig. The effects of die drawing on the fibre composites are complex, with the drawing process orienting both the polymer molecules and the glass fibres. This may be accompanied by the creation of voids in the polymer matrix and their destruction in the compressive stress field thus restoring the interfacial contact area between fibre and matrix. Unfilled and short glass fibre filled polypropylene specimens, with fibre content 7% wt, 13%wt, 27%wt, and 55%wt, were injection moulded prior to the die drawing process. An experimental program of die drawing within an oven at elevated temperature was conducted for polypropylene filled to various levels and at different strain rates. The specimens drew to draw ratios in the range ¿=1.41 to ¿=5.6. Mechanical characterization of the test materials has been conducted by examining the tensile stress strain and fracture behaviour under uniaxial conditions. The influence of glass fibre content and drawing conditions (draw ratio) on the fracture toughness and crack propagation was investigated using the double edge notched fracture test. The notch lengths ranged from 1.5 to 2.5 mm for 10 mm wide specimens. The critical stress intensity factor increased as the fibre content increased up to a limiting filler level. The fracture toughness of both unfilled and fibre filled polypropylene were found to be highly dependent on draw ratio. The results were analysed to find out the optimal draw ratio and fibre content that yielded the maximum modulus, strength and fracture toughness. Data showed that, at a given draw ratio, modulus, strength and fracture toughness increased with increasing fibre content to a maximum and then decreased. The optimum material was obtained at a draw ratio of 2.5 and filler loading 13wt%.