The development of a new transformational leadership questionnaire.
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KeywordsQuestionnaireLeadershipInterindividual distanceSexConvergent validityTest reliabilityEnterprise organizationPublic sectorTest validationUnited KingdomPsychometricsManager
This study sought to investigate the characteristics of 'nearby' leaders by eliciting the constructs of male and female top, senior, and middle-level managers and professionals working in organizations in two large UK public sectors (local government and the National Health Service). An instrument, the Transformational Leadership Questionnaire (TLQ-LGV), was developed and piloted on a national sample of 1464 managers working for local government organizations. Analysis of the data, presented here, revealed the existence of nine highly robust scales with high reliabilities (.85) and with convergent validity (range r = .46 to .85). These findings are discussed, together with suggestions for subsequent research.