• Affirmative action measures and gender equality: review of evidence, policies, and practices

      Archibong, Uduak E.; Utam, Kingsley U. (Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Springer, Cham, 2020)
      The central aim of this chapter is to describe the policy and practice of affirmative action measures. It synthesizes findings from published studies and highlights the rationale, drivers, benefits, beneficiaries, effectiveness, and impacts of affirmative action policies and practices in different countries. The chapter will discuss the possible lessons from these studies and highlight the link between affirmative action policies and practices and contributions to achieving target 5 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
    • Exploring Diversity Management in Transnational Corporations Through the Lens of Migration and Expatriation

      Utam, Kingsley U.; Archibong, Uduak E.; Walton, S.; Eshareturi, Cyril (2020)
      In this study, we aim to develop an understanding of the similarity between migration and expatriation, identify both as elements in diversity, and draw attention to the additional layer of ethnic diversity created by the high number of top management expatriates in some Nigerian subsidiaries of transnational corporations. Using the qualitative research design, we thematically analysed data from semistructured interviews with six indigenous managers in four transnational corporations. We found a significant number of expatriate managers in two subsidiaries and a lack of diversity management framework to address the new layer of diversity as reflected in the unequal treatment of indigenous managers. We conclude that migration and expatriation are similar and could be better managed through effective diversity management framework.