• CoMPASs: IOn programme (Care Of Memory Problems in Advanced Stages of dementia: Improving Our Knowledge): protocol for a mixed methods study

      Jones, L.; Harrington, J.; Scott, S.; Davis, S.; Lord, Kathryn; Vickerstaff, V.; Round, J.; Candy, B.; Sampson, E.L. (2012-01-01)
      Introduction: Approximately 700 000 people in the UK have dementia, rising to 1.2 million by 2050; one-third of people aged over 65 will die with dementia. Good end-of-life care is often neglected, and detailed UK-based research on symptom burden and needs is lacking. Our project examines these issues from multiple perspectives using a rigorous and innovative design, collecting data which will inform the development of pragmatic interventions to improve care. Methods and analysis: To define in detail symptom burden, service provision and factors affecting care pathways we shall use mixed methods: prospective cohort studies of people with advanced dementia and their carers; workshops and interactive interviews with health professionals and carers, and a workshop with people with early stage dementia. Interim analyses of cohort data will inform new scenarios for workshops and interviews. Final analysis will include cohort demographics, the symptom burden and health service use over the follow-up period. We shall explore the level and nature of unmet needs, describing how comfort and quality of life change over time and differences between those living in care homes and those remaining in their own homes. Data from workshops and interviews will be analysed for thematic content assisted by textual grouping software. Findings will inform the development of a complex intervention in the next phase of the research programme. Ethics and dissemination: Ethical approval was granted by National Health Service ethical committees for studies involving people with dementia and carers (REC refs. 12/EE/0003; 12/LO/0346), and by university ethics committee for work with healthcare professionals (REC ref. 3578/001). We shall present our findings at conferences, and in peer-reviewed journals, prepare detailed reports for organisations involved with end-of-life care and dementia, publicising results on the Marie Curie website. A summary of the research will be provided to participants if requested.
    • Development of a model for integrated care at the end of life in advanced dementia: A whole systems UK-wide approach

      Jones, L.; Candy, B.; Davis, S.; Elliott, M.; Gola, A.; Harrington, J.; Kupeli, N.; Lord, Kathryn; Moore, K.; Scott, S.; et al. (2016)
      Background: The prevalence of dementia is rising worldwide and many people will die with the disease. Symptoms towards the end of life may be inadequately managed and informal and professional carers poorly supported. There are few evidence-based interventions to improve end-of-life care in advanced dementia. Aim: To develop an integrated, whole systems, evidence-based intervention that is pragmatic and feasible to improve end-of-life care for people with advanced dementia and support those close to them. Design: A realist-based approach in which qualitative and quantitative data assisted the development of statements. These were incorporated into the RAND/UCLA appropriateness method to achieve consensus on intervention components. Components were mapped to underlying theory of whole systems change and the intervention described in a detailed manual. Setting/participants: Data were collected from people with dementia, carers and health and social care professionals in England, from expert opinion and existing literature. Professional stakeholders in all four countries of the United Kingdom contributed to the RAND/UCLA appropriateness method process. Results: A total of 29 statements were agreed and mapped to individual, group, organisational and economic/political levels of healthcare systems. The resulting main intervention components are as follows: (1) influencing local service organisation through facilitation of integrated multi-disciplinary care, (2) providing training and support for formal and informal carers and (3) influencing local healthcare commissioning and priorities of service providers. Conclusion: Use of in-depth data, consensus methods and theoretical understanding of the intervention components produced an evidence-based intervention for further testing in end-of-life care in advanced dementia.
    • Improving the end of life care for people with advanced dementia and their informal carers: a method of developing a complex intervention using a whole systems UK wide approach.

      Jones, L.; Harrington, J.; Lord, Kathryn; Davis, S.; Chan, D.; Vickerstaff, V.; Scott, S.; Candy, B.; Round, J.; Sampson, E.L. (2014)
      Complete abstract: FC 16. Background: We aimed to develop a complex intervention to improve end of life care (EOLC) for people with advanced dementia and their carers. We collected data from 4 sources: literature review; qualitative data from health and social care professionals, carers and people with early dementia; quantitative data from people with advanced dementia and their carers; review of UK health and social care policy documents. Method and results: To develop the intervention we synthesised these data. 49 emerging statements were considered in workshops with health and social care professionals across UK to achieve consensus using the RAND Appropriateness Method (RAM) to develop components of the intervention. 1. Prior to workshops we sent invitees the RAM form consisting of 49 statements and asked them to rate these on a scale of 1-9 for appropriateness. 2. At the workshops statements rated as ‘uncertain’ or ‘inappropriate’ were discussed and all 49 items were rated again. 3. Analysis resulted in the retention of 29 statements rated as appropriate. 4. Post workshop attendees were sent the RAM form and asked to rate 29 statements for necessity. All 29 statements were rated as necessary and retained then mapped onto impact theories (Grol 2007) comprised of individual, social interaction, organisational or political/ economic context, and categorised as enablers and barriers for an intervention. Three core intervention components emerged: 1. Integrated systems and approaches to the delivery of careoperational plan 2. Education, training and support for health and social care professionals and carers - utilisation plan 3. Political and economic context dependent on reimbursement and contracting through CCG commissioning. Discussion: The next phase is to pilot components 1 and 2 of the intervention in a naturalistic experiment in one inner city and one suburban locality at different stages of development for services for EOLC for people with dementia and their carers.