• Affirmative Action in South Africa

      Archibong, Uduak E.; Adejumo, O. (2013)
      Affirmative action policies in South Africa and other countries have been designed to address inequity and discrimination, and to manage a wide range of diversity in all spheres of life, particularly after the end of apartheid in 1994. Years after implementing affirmative action in South Africa, perceptions of its impact or even benefit seem to vary from person to person. This article presents the findings from a study utilizing different data sources including document review, interviews, and a consensus workshop on the perceptions of the impact of affirmative action in South Africa. It is part of a larger European Commission–funded comparative study of positive action measures across countries in North America, the European Union, and South Africa. Participants were drawn from different public and private organizational sectors, racial groups, genders, age groups, and people with disabilities. The analyzed data provided insight into how society might be perceiving and reacting to the operation of affirmative action in South Africa.
    • Methodological Challenges of Researching Positive Action Measures

      Archibong, Uduak E.; Darr, Aliya; Eferakorho, Jite; Scally, Andy J.; Atkin, K.; Baxter, C.; Johnson, M.R.D.; Bell, M.; Waddington, L.; Wladasch, K.; et al. (2009)
      This paper highlights some ofthe methodological challenges which have arisen in collecting data for an international study on positive action measures. It will describe strategies employed to encourage participation in the study from as wide a range of organisations and individuals using a mixed method approach. The paper will also discuss the methodological and sensitive issues related to this type of research in organisations and strategies adopted by the research team to ameliorate any problems that have arisen whilst maintaining trustworthiness and rigour in the study.
    • Perceptions of the Impact of Positive Action in EU and non-EU Countries

      Archibong, Uduak E.; Eferakorho, Jite; Darr, Aliya; Scally, Andy J.; Atkin, K.; Baxter, C.; Johnson, M.R.D.; Bell, M.; Waddington, L.; Wladasch, K.; et al. (2009)
      Abstract: Around the world, inequalities exist around boundaries of race, social class, gender, disability, religious beliefs and sexual orientation, often resulting from past and current discriminatory practices. Governments have taken certain measures, including enacting policies such as positive action, to remedy such discrimination. This paper provides a comparative analysis of perceptions of the impact of positive action in seven EU and three non-EU countries. The study adopted participatory methods including consensus workshops, interviews and policy analysis to obtain data from designers of positive action. Findings are discussed, conclusions drawn and wide-ranging recommendations are made at the EC, individual countries and organisational levels.
    • Positive Action Measures Across Different Equality Grounds, Organisations and Sectors in European and Non-european Countries

      Archibong, Uduak E.; Scally, Andy J.; Eferakorho, Jite; Darr, Aliya; Atkin, K.; Baxter, C.; Bell, M.; Waddington, L.; Wladasch, K.; Bedard, T.; et al. (2010)
      Abstract: This article is based on a large-scale European Commission project on international perspectives on positive action measures. The paper presents an analysis of the perceptions of positive action held by respondents from all the countries participating in an international survey, focussing specifically upon differences across equality grounds, sector and organisation type. This paper will also provide examples of positive action being applied in European and non-European countries that participated in the study. The study adopted extensive literate and online survey to obtain data from designers of positive action. Findings are discussed, conclusions drawn and wide-ranging recommendations are made at the European Commission, individual countries and organisational levels.