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dc.contributor.authorAbdulhamid, Alhassan
dc.contributor.authorKabir, Sohag
dc.contributor.authorGhafir, Ibrahim
dc.contributor.authorLei, Ci
dc.date.accessioned2023-08-09T10:18:20Z
dc.date.accessioned2023-08-22T13:49:09Z
dc.date.available2023-08-09T10:18:20Z
dc.date.available2023-08-22T13:49:09Z
dc.date.issued2023-07
dc.identifier.citationAbdulhamid A, Kabir S, Ghafir I et al (2023) An overview of safety and security analysis frameworks for the Internet of Things. Electronics. 12(14): 3086.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/19558
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractThe rapid progress of the Internet of Things (IoT) has continued to offer humanity numerous benefits, including many security and safety-critical applications. However, unlocking the full potential of IoT applications, especially in high-consequence domains, requires the assurance that IoT devices will not constitute risk hazards to the users or the environment. To design safe, secure, and reliable IoT systems, numerous frameworks have been proposed to analyse the safety and security, among other properties. This paper reviews some of the prominent classical and model-based system engineering (MBSE) approaches for IoT systems’ safety and security analysis. The review established that most analysis frameworks are based on classical manual approaches, which independently evaluate the two properties. The manual frameworks tend to inherit the natural limitations of informal system modelling, such as human error, a cumbersome processes, time consumption, and a lack of support for reusability. Model-based approaches have been incorporated into the safety and security analysis process to simplify the analysis process and improve the system design’s efficiency and manageability. Conversely, the existing MBSE safety and security analysis approaches in the IoT environment are still in their infancy. The limited number of proposed MBSE approaches have only considered limited and simple scenarios, which are yet to adequately evaluate the complex interactions between the two properties in the IoT domain. The findings of this survey are that the existing methods have not adequately addressed the analysis of safety/security interdependencies, detailed cyber security quantification analysis, and the unified treatment of safety and security properties. The existing classical and MBSE frameworks’ limitations obviously create gaps for a meaningful assessment of IoT dependability. To address some of the gaps, we proposed a possible research direction for developing a novel MBSE approach for the IoT domain’s safety and security coanalysis framework.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rights© 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/).en_US
dc.subjectInternet of Thingsen_US
dc.subjectSafetyen_US
dc.subjectSecurityen_US
dc.subjectAnalysis frameworksen_US
dc.subjectModel-based system engineeringen_US
dc.subjectSafety and security coanalysisen_US
dc.titleAn overview of safety and security analysis frameworks for the Internet of Thingsen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2023-07-13
dc.date.application2023-07-16
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/electronics12143086
dc.rights.licenseCC-BYen_US
dc.date.updated2023-08-09T10:18:22Z
refterms.dateFOA2023-08-22T13:49:36Z
dc.openaccess.statusopenAccessen_US


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