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dc.contributor.authorHiguero Pliego, A.
dc.contributor.authorBeaumont, Julia
dc.date.accessioned2023-03-24T16:25:23Z
dc.date.accessioned2023-04-05T13:46:55Z
dc.date.available2023-03-24T16:25:23Z
dc.date.available2023-04-05T13:46:55Z
dc.date.issued2023-06
dc.identifier.citationHiguero Pliego A and Beaumont J (2023) The monks of San Millán: Investigating the transition between pre-monastic and monastic diet using carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios in incremental dentine. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. 49: 103981.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/19391
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractFrom the early Medieval period, Christian monasteries were wealthy and powerful, and played a central role in both religious and political life. Those who entered the monasteries did so at the age of 7-8 years and were drawn from a wide range of social strata. From that point, they were subject to the dietary rules imposed by the rules of each monastic order. In order to assess the origins and diet of 10 monks who lived in the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla Yuso (La Rioja, Spain) during the 17th – 18th century, collagen from small sections of human dentine (representing the childhood diet) and from ribs (an average of the last 5 - 10 years of adult diet) was measured to establish lifetime variations in the isotope ratios of carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N). Bulk collagen δ13C (overall mean= -18.2‰ +/-0.4) and δ15N (overall mean= 12.6‰ +/-0.8) values from the ribs suggest 2 adult cohorts: one with a diet based on C3 plants and a high intake of protein from meat or dairy products and some marine resources and a second cohort with some C4 plant consumption alongside meat and dairy. Data from the dentine sections revealed different dietary patterns during the period of tooth formation among the monks, suggesting that 4 of them entered the monastery after consuming lower status diets during childhood.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis paper was written with the support of a PhD grant (BES-2015-075176) from the project CoChange (HAR2014-51830-P) lead by Prof. Pablo Arias.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2023.103981en_US
dc.rights© 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by- nc-nd/4.0/)en_US
dc.subjectIsotopesen_US
dc.subjectCarbonen_US
dc.subjectNitrogenen_US
dc.subjectDentineen_US
dc.subjectMonksen_US
dc.titleThe monks of San Millán: Investigating the transition between pre-monastic and monastic diet using carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios in incremental dentineen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2023-03-20
dc.date.application2023-03-29
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.rights.licenseCC-BY-NC-NDen_US
dc.date.updated2023-03-24T16:25:27Z
refterms.dateFOA2023-04-05T13:47:35Z
dc.openaccess.statusopenAccessen_US


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