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dc.contributor.authorGhorbani Mojarrad, Neema
dc.contributor.authorPlotnikov, D.
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, C.
dc.contributor.authorGuggenheim, J.A.
dc.date.accessioned2022-09-23T10:29:10Z
dc.date.accessioned2022-10-20T10:26:42Z
dc.date.available2022-09-23T10:29:10Z
dc.date.available2022-10-20T10:26:42Z
dc.date.issued2022-09
dc.identifier.citationGhorbani Mojarrad N, Plotnikov D, Williams C et al (2022) Genetic Prediction of Myopia in Different Ethnic Ancestries. Optometry & Contact Lenses. 7 (7).en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/19180
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: Myopia has been shown to have a complex mode of inheritance, being influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Here, an introduction into myopia genetics is given, with the shortcomings of current genetic prediction for myopia discussed, including the proportionally limited research on genetic prediction in people of non-European ancestry. A previously developed genetic risk score derived from European participants was evaluated in participants of non-European ancestry. Methods: Participants from UK Biobank who self-reported their ethnicity as “Asian”, “Chinese”, or “Black” and who had refractive error and genetic data available were included in the analysis. Ancestral homogeneity was confirmed using principal component analysis, resulting in samples of 3500 Asian, 444 Chinese, and 3132 Black participants. A published refractive error GWAS meta-analysis of 711,984 participants of European ancestry was used to create a weighted genetic risk score model which was then applied to participants from each ethnic group. Accuracy of genetic prediction of refractive error was estimated as the proportion of variance explained (PVE). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were developed to estimate myopia prediction performance at three thresholds: any myopia (equal to or more than 0.75D), moderate myopia (between -3.00D and -4.99D) and high myopia (equal to or more than -5.00D). Odds ratios for myopia were calculated for the participants in the top 10th or 5th percentile of genetic risk score distribution, comparing them to the remainder of the population. Results: The PVE value for refractive error was 6.4%, 6.2%, and 1.5% for those with Asian, Chinese and Black ethnicity, respectively (compared to 11.2% in Europeans). Odds ratios for any myopia and moderate myopia development for those within the top 10th and 5th percentile of genetic risk were significant in all ethnic groups P<0.05). However, the genetic risk score was not able to reliably identify those at risk of high myopia, other than for participants of Chinese ethnicity (P<0.05). Conclusion: Prediction of refractive error in Asian, Chinese and Black participants was ~57%, 55% and 13% as accurate in comparison to prediction in European participants. Further research in diverse ethnic populations is needed to improve prediction accuracy.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research has been conducted using the UK Biobank Resource (applications #17351). UK Biobank was established by the Wellcome Trust; the UK Medical Research Council; the Department for Health (London, UK); Scottish Government (Edinburgh, UK); and the Northwest Regional Development Agency (Warrington, UK). It also received funding from the Welsh Assembly Government (Cardiff, UK); the British Heart Foundation; and Diabetes UK. Collection of eye and vision data was supported by The Department for Health through an award made by the NIHR to the Biomedical Research Centre at Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, and UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, London, United Kingdom (grant no. BRC2_009). Additional support was provided by The Special Trustees of Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom (grant no. ST 12 09). Many parts of this project were performed during the time that author Neema Ghorbani Mojarrad was supported by the College of Optometrists with a Postgraduate Scholarship.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.54352/dozv.ULPL5897en_US
dc.rights© 2022 DOZ-Verlag. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.
dc.subjectMyopiaen_US
dc.subjectGenetic predictionen_US
dc.subjectRefractive erroren_US
dc.subjectPolygenic risk scoreen_US
dc.titleGenetic Prediction of Myopia in Different Ethnic Ancestriesen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2022-04-22
dc.date.application2022-08-30
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionAccepted manuscripten_US
dc.rights.licenseUnspecifieden_US
dc.date.updated2022-09-23T10:29:21Z
refterms.dateFOA2022-10-20T10:28:22Z
dc.openaccess.statusopenAccessen_US


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