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dc.contributor.advisorRahmanian, Nejat
dc.contributor.advisorMujtaba, Iqbal M.
dc.contributor.authorMazen, Ahmed Z.M.
dc.date.accessioned2022-10-12T14:15:15Z
dc.date.available2022-10-12T14:15:15Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/19171
dc.description.abstractDrilling is one of the important aspects in the oil and gas industry due to the high demand for energy worldwide. Drilling time is considered as the major part of the operations time where the penetration rate (ROP) remains as the main factor for reducing the time. Maximizing ROP to lower the drilling cost is the main aim of operators. However, high ROP if not controlled may impact on the well geometry in terms of wellbore instability, cavities, and hole diameter restrictions. Accordingly, more time is needed for the other operations that follow such as: pool out of hole (POOH), casing running, and cementing. Bit wear is considered as the essential issue that influences in direct way on the bit performance and reduce ROP. Predicting the abrasive bit wear is required to estimate the right time when to POOH to prevent any costly job to fish any junk out to the surface. The two-common types of bits are considered in the research, rock bits (roller cone bits) and Polycrystalline Diamond Compact bits (PDC). This study focuses more on PDC bits because about 60% of the total footage drilled in wells worldwide were drilled by PDC bits and this is expected to reach 80% in 2020. The contribution of this research is to help reducing the drilling cost by developing new tools not to estimating the time when to POOH to surface but also to measure the wear and enhance the accuracy of prediction the bit efficiency. The work is broken down into four main stages or models to achieve the objective: The first stage; estimating of the rock abrasiveness and calculate the dynamic dulling rate of the rock bit while drilling. The second stage; estimating the PDC abrasive cutters wear by driving a new model to determine the mechanical specific energy (MSE), torque, and depth of cut (DOC) as a function of effective blades (EB). The accuracy of the predicted wear achieves 88% compared to the actual dull grading as an average for bits used in five wells. The third stage; modifying the previous MSE tool to develop a more accurate approach; effective mechanical specific energy (EMSE), to predict the PDC bit efficiency in both the inner and outer cone to match the standard bit dulling. The fourth stage; predicting ROP while PDC drilling in hole by accounting three parts of the process: rock drillability, hole cleaning, and cutters wear. The results achieve an enhancement of about 40% as compared to the available previous models. Consequently, the developed models in this study provide a novelty on understanding in more details the bit rock interface process and gain an idea of the relationship between the drilling parameters to enhance the bit performance and avoid damaging the bit. This is basically about optimisation the controllable factors such as: weight on bit (WOB), rotary speed (RPM), and flow rate. The result is the reduction in time losses and the operations cost. To ensure reliability and consistency of the proposed models, they were validated with several vertical oil wells drilled in Libya. The results from the validation of the models are consistent with the real field data. The research concludes that the developed models are reliable and applicable tool for both: to assist decision-makers to know when to pull the bit out to surface, and also to estimate the bit performance and wear.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rights<a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/"><img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0" src="http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-nd/3.0/88x31.png" /></a><br />The University of Bradford theses are licenced under a <a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/">Creative Commons Licence</a>.eng
dc.subjectPolycrystalline Diamond Compact bits (PDC)en_US
dc.subjectBit performanceen_US
dc.subjectBit Wearen_US
dc.subjectDrilling rateen_US
dc.subjectDepth of cuten_US
dc.subjectDrilling penetration rate (ROP)en_US
dc.titleAssessment and Modelling of Wear prediction and Bit Performance for Roller Cone and PDC Bits in Deep Well Drillingen_US
dc.type.qualificationleveldoctoralen_US
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Bradfordeng
dc.publisher.departmentFaculty of Engineering and Informaticsen_US
dc.typeThesiseng
dc.type.qualificationnamePhDen_US
dc.date.awarded2020
refterms.dateFOA2022-10-12T14:15:15Z


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