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dc.contributor.authorUllah, Atta
dc.contributor.authorOjaroudi Parchin, Naser
dc.contributor.authorAmar, Ahmed S.I.
dc.contributor.authorAbd-Alhameed, Raed
dc.date.accessioned2022-09-21T10:13:07Z
dc.date.accessioned2022-09-22T08:38:51Z
dc.date.available2022-09-21T10:13:07Z
dc.date.available2022-09-22T08:38:51Z
dc.date.issued2022-09-19
dc.identifier.citationUllah A, Ojaroudi Parchin N, Amar ASI et al (2022) Eight-Element Antenna Array with Improved Radiation Performances for 5G Hand-Portable Devices. Electronics. 11(1): 2962.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/19155
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractThis study aims to introduce a new phased array design with improved radiation properties for future cellular networks. The procedure of the array design is simple and has been accomplished on a low-cost substrate material while offering several interesting features with high performance. Its schematic involves eight air-filled slot-loop metal-ring elements with a 1 × 8 linear arrangement at the top edge of the 5G smartphone mainboard. Considering the entire board area, the proposed antenna elements occupy an extremely small area. The antenna elements cover the range of 21–23.5 GHz sub-mm-wave 5G bands. Due to the air-filled function in the configurations of the elements, low-loss and high-performance radiation properties are observed. In addition, the fundamental characteristics of the introduced array are insensitive to various types of substrates. Moreover, its radiation properties have been compared with conventional arrays and better results have been observed. The proposed array appears with a simple design, a low complexity profile, and its attractive broad impedance bandwidth, end-fire radiation mode, wide beam steering, high radiation coverage, and stable characteristics meet the needs of 5G applications in future cellular communications. Additionally, the smartphone array design offers sufficient efficiency when it comes to the appearance and integration of the user’s components. Thus, it could be used in 5G hand-portable devices.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.rights(c) 2022 The Authors. This is an Open Access article distributed under the Creative Commons CC-BY license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)en_US
dc.subject5Gen_US
dc.subjectBeam steeringen_US
dc.subjectCellular networksen_US
dc.subjectLinear phased arrayen_US
dc.subjectSmartphone applicationsen_US
dc.subjectSubstrate insensitiveen_US
dc.titleEight-Element Antenna Array with Improved Radiation Performances for 5G Hand-Portable Devicesen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2022-09-15
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/electronics11182962
dc.rights.licenseCC-BYen_US
dc.date.updated2022-09-21T10:13:12Z
refterms.dateFOA2022-09-22T08:39:13Z
dc.openaccess.statusopenAccessen_US


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